In this lesson, our instructor Elizabeth Turro gives an introduction on how the U.S. becomes a world power. She talks about the Roots of U.S. imperialism, the economics interests, the economy of expansion, the Purchase of Alaska, U.S. in Asia and in the Pacific. She also explains Perry's Squadron in Japan, U.S. Possessions in the Pacific, how the U.S. annexes Hawaii, William McKinley and Imperialist influences. Next, the other key points she mentioned are causes of Spanish-American war, Yellow journalism, Hearst and Pulitzer, war with Spain and the duty of the hour. She also illustrates Spanish-American Cuban war, the two theaters of war, battle of San Juan Hill, treaty of Paris and aftermath. Last but not least, she explains anti-imperialist concerns, how the Filipinos rebel against U.S. rule. U.S. policy in Puerto Rico and Cuba and the Platt amendment.
U.S. foreign policy began to abandon the policy of neutrality/isolationism (no clear policy during the Gilded Age) & instead the U.S. began to acquire influence & territories abroad
In the U.S., the economy had a surplus of goods, its GDP quadrupuled & businesses needed to expand markets where commodities could be sold (Singer, GE, & Standard Oil had overseas factories)
The U.S. purchased Alaska in 1867 from Russia although some mocked Secretary of State Seward’s $7.2 million purchase
U.S. opens Japan to trade by sending Commodore Matthew Perry, and the U.S. took possession of the Midway islands and other islands in the Pacific
U.S. annexes Hawaii mainly due to pressure from sugar plantation owners who disliked the tariff that hurt their business: the U.S. overthrew the queen & Hawaii was annexed; by 1898, Hawaii became an official U.S. territory
U.S. also intervened in Cuba and the Philippines as Spain was a declining imperial power in the Caribbean & in the Pacific
Yellow journalism exaggerated events surrounding the explosion of the Maine helped make the case for U.S. intervention in the Spanish-American-Cuban War
Treaty of Paris ended the war & as a result the U.S. bought the Philippines for $20 million & Spain gave up control of Cuba, PR, & Guam
The U.S. Becomes a World Power
Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.