In this lesson, our instructor Elizabeth Turro gives an introduction on the British Empire in North America. She talks about the restoration colonies, Georgia, Charles II granting proprietorships, the Carolinas, Pennsylvania, William Penn and Pennsylvania's frame of Government. She also explains how the British increase pressure on the Colonies, English domination of commerce, the dominion of New England, excerpts from the Commission of Sir Edmund Andros, Britain's American Empire in 1713 and the dominion of New England and Sir Edmund Andros. Last but not least, she illustrates the Glorious Revolution and its effects, the English Bill of Rights in 1689, the enlightenment, the Leviathan Absolutist State and the demise of the Dominion of New England.
Restoration Colonies: following restoration of the monarchy (Charles II, r. 1660-1685) in 1660, England sought greater control over its colonies. These colonies included SC, NC, PA, NY NJ, and DE.
GA founded as a buffer between the rice-producing Carolinas & Spanish settlements in FL. James Oglethorpe, a social reformer in England, hoped to resettle England’s poor, especially those in debtor’s prison, in the New World
PA: Designed as a refuge for Quakers persecuted in England, Quaker settlers developed a pacifistic policy toward the Native Americans & became prosperous. It was named after William Penn.
Quakers believed that people were imbued by God w/ an “inner light,” the holy spirit, of grace & understanding that opened salvation to everyone
In the 1650s the English gov. imposed mercantilism, via the Navigation Acts, which regulated colonial commerce & manufacturing
The Dominion of New England was established (and CT & RI colonies were merged w/those of MBC & Plymouth) under Sir Edmund Andros, governor of the Dominion, and was empowered to abolish existing legislative assemblies & rule by decree. It was unpopular with most colonists and led to resentment.
The Glorious Revolution, Enlightenment ideas, and other democratic influences impact the colonists to begin questioning unfair policies and demanding for representation in government in North America.
The British Empire in North America, Part I
Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.