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The Expansion of Slavery and Resistance to its Expansion

  • As territories became states, the issue of the balance of slave & free states became an even greater issue--especially in Congress
  • Debates over whether slavery should be banned in D.C., personal liberty laws in northern states & fugitive slave laws, the admission of NM, OR, & UT as free states would upset the balance in Congress
  • A series of compromises were passed as a result but were also controversial: Wilmot Proviso, Compromise of 1850, and Kansas-Nebraska Act
  • “Bleeding Kansas” resulted after the Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed: white settlers from the North & South began moving into the territory after the act was passed & pro-slavery forces elected a majority to the legislature & legalized slavery
  • John Brown, a fervent abolitionist, was a committed zealot who considered himself an instrument of God’s will to destroy slavery, gathered 6 followers (four were his sons) & murdered 5 pro-slavery settlers; this became known as the Pottawatomie Massacre
  • Weak, indecisive presidents, the Dred Scott decision, John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry, and the election of Abraham Lincoln exacerbated the sectional tensions that would eventually lead to the Civil War.

The Expansion of Slavery and Resistance to its Expansion

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  1. Intro
    • Overview
      • Election of 1848
      • Antislavery Democrats: “ Barnburners”
        • The California Gold Rush
        • The California Gold Rush Images and Map
          • California and Gold Rush Map
            • Effects of the Gold Rush
            • Rising Sectional Differences
            • Compromise of 1850
            • Map of the Compromise of 1850
              • Crisis of the 1850s
              • Railroads, Slavery, and Sectionalism
              • Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854
              • Map of the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854
                • Bleeding Kansas
                • Tragic Prelude
                  • Charles Summer's “The Crime Against Kansas”
                    • Free-Soil Ideology
                    • A Critical View: “The Hurly-Burly Pot”
                      • The Pro-Slavery Argument
                      • “Cotton is King”
                        • Election of 1856
                        • A Surge in Nativism
                        • The Dred Scott Decision
                        • Chief Justice Taney's Stance
                        • Deadlock Over Kansas
                        • Significant Congressional Election of 1858
                        • The Rise of Lincoln
                        • Lincoln and Douglas
                          • John Brown's Raid
                          • Example 1
                            • Example 2
                              • Example 3
                                • Intro 0:00
                                • Overview 0:09
                                • Election of 1848 1:10
                                  • Free-Soil Party
                                  • Taylor Won
                                • Antislavery Democrats: “ Barnburners” 2:54
                                • The California Gold Rush 4:26
                                  • Increased in Non-Native American Population
                                  • Forty-Niners
                                  • Chinese Migrants
                                • The California Gold Rush Images and Map 7:27
                                • California and Gold Rush Map 9:41
                                • Effects of the Gold Rush 10:34
                                  • A Labor Shortage
                                  • Indian Hunters
                                  • Heterogeneous Population
                                • Rising Sectional Differences 12:05
                                  • The Balance of Slave and Free States
                                  • Personal Liberty Laws and Fugitive Slave Laws
                                  • A Series of Compromises
                                • Compromise of 1850 13:30
                                  • Fillmore
                                  • California Join the Union as a Free State
                                  • Fugitive Slave Law
                                  • Temporarily Preserved the Union
                                • Map of the Compromise of 1850 16:43
                                • Crisis of the 1850s 17:39
                                  • Franklin Pierce
                                  • Young America
                                  • The Ostend Manifesto
                                • Railroads, Slavery, and Sectionalism 20:02
                                  • Westward Expansion
                                  • Better Communication
                                  • Gadsen Purchase
                                • Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 21:45
                                  • Popular Sovereignty
                                  • Missouri Compromise was Repealed
                                  • A Scramble of Pro- and Anti-slavery Settlers
                                  • Republican Party
                                  • Anti-Nebraska Dems
                                • Map of the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 24:48
                                • Bleeding Kansas 25:39
                                  • Pro-Slavery Forces
                                  • Free-Staters
                                  • President Pierce
                                  • John Brown
                                  • Pottawatomie Massacre
                                • Tragic Prelude 29:04
                                • Charles Summer's “The Crime Against Kansas” 30:46
                                • Free-Soil Ideology 32:40
                                  • Northern Whites Believed that Slavery was Dangerous
                                  • Antithesis of Democracy
                                  • The Free Soil Party
                                • A Critical View: “The Hurly-Burly Pot” 34:55
                                • The Pro-Slavery Argument 37:52
                                  • Uncle Tom's Cabin
                                  • The Pro-Slavery Argument
                                  • Superior Southern Way of life
                                • “Cotton is King” 39:19
                                • Election of 1856 39:51
                                  • John Fremont
                                  • Increasing the Support of the Republican Party
                                  • Sectionalism of the Realigned Political Parties
                                • A Surge in Nativism 42:26
                                  • Nativism
                                  • The American Party
                                  • Know-Nothing Party
                                • The Dred Scott Decision 44:16
                                  • An Army Surgeon
                                  • Circuit Court
                                  • John Sanford
                                • Chief Justice Taney's Stance 46:28
                                  • No Claim to Citizenship
                                  • The MO Compromise
                                  • Great Controversy
                                • Deadlock Over Kansas 48:11
                                  • Buchanan Timidly Endorsed the Dred Scott Case
                                  • Lecompton Constitution
                                  • Buchanan Pressured Congress
                                  • KS as a Free State
                                • Significant Congressional Election of 1858 49:28
                                  • Sectional Crisis
                                  • Lincoln-Douglas
                                  • House Divided
                                  • The Spread of Free Labor
                                • The Rise of Lincoln 53:18
                                  • Freeport Doctrine
                                  • A National Following
                                  • Lost the Majority of Democrats of the House
                                • Lincoln and Douglas 55:21
                                • John Brown's Raid 55:34
                                  • John Brown's Statement
                                  • Seized a Mountain Fortress
                                  • Brown Surrendered
                                • Example 1 57:40
                                • Example 2 1:00:29
                                • Example 3 1:02:25