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For more information, please see full course syllabus of AP U.S. History
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The Second New Deal

  • There were critics of the New Deal from the left and from the right.
  • Business leaders & conservative Democrats formed the Liberty League in 1934 to lobby against the New Deal and its “reckless spending” and “socialist” reforms
  • Other citizens formed organizations like Father Charles Coughlin’s National Union for Social Justice; he sought the nationalization of the banking system & an expansion of the $ supply
  • Father Francis Townsend organized retired people in an effort to get the government to provide old-age pensions, and eventually FDR’s Second New Deal passed the Social Security Act
  • FDR’s Second New Deal expanded social welfare liberalism by creating more programs like the WPA and Social Security. The overall effects of the New Deal are mixed.
  • FDR utilized the Keynesian economic approach (deficit spending) in order to stimulate the economy; most historians and economists believe that WWII actually pulled the U.S. out of the depression.

The Second New Deal

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  1. Intro
    • Overview
      • New Deal Under Attack
      • Critiques From the Left
      • The Second New Deal
      • The Promise of the New Deal
        • New Deal Murals
          • New Deal Programs
            • The Second New Deal
            • W.P.A
              • 1936 Politics
              • New Economic Policy: Deficit Spending
              • John Maynard Keynes
              • The Rise of Unions and the CIO
              • Steel Workers Organize
                • Strikes
                • Effects of the New Deal
                • Effects and Eleanor Roosevelt
                • Eleanor Roosevelt
                • Supporters of New Deal
                • Mary McLeod Bethune and Amelia Earhart
                • New Deal Critics
                • A Critical View
                  • Discrimination of Minorities
                  • The Dust Bowl
                  • Dust Bowl Map
                    • Dust Cloud
                      • Farmer and Family, Dust Bowl
                        • Example 1
                          • Example 2
                            • Example 3
                              • Example 4
                                • Intro 0:00
                                • Overview 0:05
                                • New Deal Under Attack 1:21
                                  • Liberty League
                                  • Schechter v. United States
                                  • Unconstitutional Codes Created by NIRA
                                  • Father Charles Coughlin
                                  • Father Francis Townsend
                                  • Senator Huey Long
                                  • Share Our Wealth Society
                                • Critiques From the Left 6:14
                                  • The New Deal
                                  • Nationalization of Businesses
                                  • United States v. Butler
                                • The Second New Deal 7:45
                                  • Townsend's, Coughlin's and Long's Programs
                                  • Works Progress Administration
                                  • The Labor Movement
                                • The Promise of the New Deal 9:17
                                • New Deal Murals 9:48
                                • New Deal Programs 10:12
                                • The Second New Deal 10:50
                                  • The National Labor Relations Act
                                  • National Labor Relations Board
                                  • Social Security Act
                                  • Categorical Assistance Programs
                                • W.P.A 12:29
                                • 1936 Politics 14:17
                                  • Solid South
                                  • Judicial Reorganization Bill
                                  • The Wagner Act and SSA
                                • New Economic Policy: Deficit Spending 16:40
                                  • John Maynard Keynes
                                  • Deficit Spendings
                                  • Purposeful Government Intervention
                                  • Ended the Great Depression
                                • John Maynard Keynes 18:34
                                  • Economist
                                  • The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money
                                • The Rise of Unions and the CIO 18:53
                                  • John L. Lewis
                                  • The Congress of Industrial Organization
                                  • One Union
                                • Steel Workers Organize 20:15
                                • Strikes 20:32
                                  • Collective Bargaining
                                  • Resisted Union Demands
                                • Effects of the New Deal 21:18
                                  • Expansion of the Federal Bureaucracy
                                  • Steel Workers Organizing Committee
                                  • Fair Labor Standards Act
                                • Effects and Eleanor Roosevelt 23:32
                                  • A Recession
                                  • Government Policy
                                  • Eleanor Roosevelt
                                • Eleanor Roosevelt 25:56
                                  • The Postwar Era
                                  • My Day
                                  • Press Conferences for Female Reporters
                                  • Anti-Lynching Campaigns
                                  • The Right to Organize
                                  • Images of Eleanor Roosevelt
                                • Supporters of New Deal 29:34
                                  • Activist Executive Branch
                                  • The First Female Cabinet Member
                                  • Indian Reorganization Act
                                • Mary McLeod Bethune and Amelia Earhart 32:04
                                  • A Member of the Advisory Committee of the NYA
                                  • Lady Lindy
                                • New Deal Critics 33:21
                                  • Unemployment Rate
                                  • The Federal Deficit
                                • A Critical View 34:57
                                • Discrimination of Minorities 35:09
                                  • Okies
                                  • Cesar Chavez
                                  • National Farmworkers Association
                                  • Chinese Exclusion Act
                                  • The Tydings-McDuffie Act
                                  • The Scottsboro Case
                                • The Dust Bowl 38:50
                                  • Severe Drought
                                  • The Grapes of Wrath
                                • Dust Bowl Map 39:55
                                • Dust Cloud 40:31
                                • Farmer and Family, Dust Bowl 40:44
                                • Example 1 41:03
                                • Example 2 42:51
                                • Example 3 44:36
                                • Example 4 46:29