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1970s, Ford and Carter

  • A delicate situation after Watergate Scandal but decides to pardon Nixon in order to heal the nation’s wounds but in some ways it did the opposite
  • Stagflation was a huge problem: he promoted a mostly voluntary plan: WIN (Whip Inflation Now) but it’s a failure--worsened economy
  • A conflict between Israel & Arab states of Egypt, Syria, & Jordan politicized OPEC between 1967 & 1973; b/c of U.S. support of Israel, OPEC declared oil embargo on US in Oct 1973
  • Jimmy Carter, Governor of GA & peanut farmer, Washington outsider & born-again Christian
  • Biggest domestic challenges: economic problems--stagflation (if the govt focused on the inflation side--forcing prices down by increasing taxes or raising interest rates--unemployment became worse), gas shortage/crisis
  • In 1977, he signed a treaty that turned that Panama Canal over to Panama (effective Dec. 31, 1999)
  • Arab-Israeli conflict--he helped facilitate peace talks between Sadat & Begin with the Camp David Accords
  • “Crisis of Confidence” speech emphasized people’s lack of faith in government, the Presidency, the economy because of inflation, and oil crisis--didn’t go over well with American public
  • ERA and Anti-ERA movement: NOW & other groups campaigned hard for its ratification but it fell short. Conservative women like Phyllis Schlafly fought against it
  • The Iran Hostage crisis challenged the U.S. and led to disillusionment with Carter by many
  • More about Jimmy Carter: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/introduction/carter-intro/
  • More about the ERA: http://video.pbs.org/video/2331409132/

1970s, Ford and Carter

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  1. Intro
    • Overview
      • Gerald Ford: President After Nixon Resigns
      • Highlights of Ford Presidency
        • Oil Embargo After Yom Kippur War
        • OPEC Oil Embargo
        • Stagflation
          • Ford's Foreign Policy
          • Jimmy Carter, 1976-1980
          • Gas Shortages and Energy Crisis
          • Energy Consumption
            • Taking On Inflation
            • Three Mile Island
            • Goldsboro, PA
              • Nervous Humor
                • Carter's Foreign Policy
                • The Women's Movement in the 1970s
                • States That Ratified ERA
                  • Pro and Anti-ERA Marchers
                    • Other Feminist Activities
                      • Ms. Magazine
                        • Gay Rights Movement
                        • Rust Belt to Sun Belt
                          • Demographic Changes Affect Politics
                          • The “Me Generation”
                          • Pop Culture
                            • Televangelists and the New Right
                            • The Bakke Case
                            • Iran Hostage Crisis
                            • Example 1
                              • Example 2
                                • Example 3
                                  • Intro 0:00
                                  • Overview 0:06
                                  • Gerald Ford: President After Nixon Resigns 1:19
                                    • Stagflation
                                    • Whip Inflation Now
                                  • Highlights of Ford Presidency 2:20
                                  • Oil Embargo After Yom Kippur War 2:47
                                    • Politicized OPEC
                                    • Yom Kippur War
                                    • Declared Oil Embargo on U.S.
                                  • OPEC Oil Embargo 3:50
                                    • 400% Increase in Oil Prices
                                    • Oil Price Shock
                                    • Long Lines at Gas Stations
                                    • Economic Decline
                                    • Japanese Cars
                                    • Speed Limit
                                  • Stagflation 6:00
                                  • Ford's Foreign Policy 6:22
                                    • Helsinki Accords
                                    • Limit Arms
                                    • Accused of Engineering the Assassination of Foreign Leaders
                                    • George Bush
                                  • Jimmy Carter, 1976-1980 7:28
                                    • Granted Amnesty
                                    • Domestic Challenges
                                    • Crisis in Confidence
                                    • Images of Jimmy Carter
                                  • Gas Shortages and Energy Crisis 11:14
                                    • Gas Prices Soared
                                    • Raise Taxes on Crude Oil
                                    • People's Lack of Faith in Government
                                  • Energy Consumption 12:15
                                  • Taking On Inflation 12:40
                                    • Paul Volcker
                                    • An End to Inflation
                                  • Three Mile Island 13:01
                                    • Nuclear Power Spill
                                    • No New Nuclear Plants
                                    • 20% of all U.S. Power
                                  • Goldsboro, PA 14:28
                                  • Nervous Humor 14:38
                                  • Carter's Foreign Policy 15:25
                                    • Realism
                                    • Repressive Regimes
                                    • Panama Canal
                                    • Peace Talks between Sadat and Begin
                                  • The Women's Movement in the 1970s 20:17
                                    • Equal Rights Amendment
                                    • Ratification
                                    • A Reactionary Conservative Movement
                                  • States That Ratified ERA 21:15
                                  • Pro and Anti-ERA Marchers 22:39
                                  • Other Feminist Activities 23:30
                                  • Ms. Magazine 24:19
                                  • Gay Rights Movement 25:32
                                    • Stonewall Incident
                                    • Harvey Milk
                                    • Dan White
                                  • Rust Belt to Sun Belt 27:12
                                  • Demographic Changes Affect Politics 28:26
                                    • Latin America and Asia
                                    • 1965 Immigration Law
                                  • The “Me Generation” 29:06
                                    • Self-Absorption
                                    • Huge Health Trend
                                  • Pop Culture 29:42
                                  • Televangelists and the New Right 30:22
                                    • Religious Right
                                    • A Constitutional Ban
                                    • Mandatory Death Penalty
                                  • The Bakke Case 32:03
                                    • University of California v. Bakke
                                    • Reverse Discrimination
                                  • Iran Hostage Crisis 34:02
                                    • The Iranian Revolution
                                    • Ayatollah Khomeini
                                    • 66 U.S. Hostages
                                    • Economic Embargo and a Military Mission
                                    • Reagan's Inauguration
                                    • Images of Iran Hostage Crisis
                                  • Example 1 36:53
                                  • Example 2 40:07
                                  • Example 3 42:04