In this lesson, our instructor Elizabeth Turro gives an introduction on 1970s, Ford and Carter. She talks about Gerald Ford who is the president after Nixon resigns, the highlights of Ford presidency, oil embargo after Yom Kippur War, OPEC oil embargo, stagflation, Ford's foreign policy, Jimmy Carter, gas shortage, energy crisis and energy consumption. She also explains taking on inflation, the Three Mile Island, Goldsboro, nervous humor, Carter's foreign policy, the Women's movement in the 1970s, states that Ratified ERA, pro, anti-ERA marchers, other feminist activities, Ms. Magazine, gay rights movement and rust belt to Sun Belt. The other key points are demographic which changes affect politics, the Me Generation, pop culture, televangelists and the New Right, the Bakke Case and Iran Hostage crisis.
A delicate situation after Watergate Scandal but decides to pardon Nixon in order to heal the nation’s wounds but in some ways it did the opposite
Stagflation was a huge problem: he promoted a mostly voluntary plan: WIN (Whip Inflation Now) but it’s a failure--worsened economy
A conflict between Israel & Arab states of Egypt, Syria, & Jordan politicized OPEC between 1967 & 1973; b/c of U.S. support of Israel, OPEC declared oil embargo on US in Oct 1973
Jimmy Carter, Governor of GA & peanut farmer, Washington outsider & born-again Christian
Biggest domestic challenges: economic problems--stagflation (if the govt focused on the inflation side--forcing prices down by increasing taxes or raising interest rates--unemployment became worse), gas shortage/crisis
In 1977, he signed a treaty that turned that Panama Canal over to Panama (effective Dec. 31, 1999)
Arab-Israeli conflict--he helped facilitate peace talks between Sadat & Begin with the Camp David Accords
“Crisis of Confidence” speech emphasized people’s lack of faith in government, the Presidency, the economy because of inflation, and oil crisis--didn’t go over well with American public
ERA and Anti-ERA movement: NOW & other groups campaigned hard for its ratification but it fell short. Conservative women like Phyllis Schlafly fought against it
The Iran Hostage crisis challenged the U.S. and led to disillusionment with Carter by many
Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.