In this lesson, our instructor Elizabeth Turro gives an introduction on independence declared and the Revolutionary War. She talks about declaration of independence, war in the North, the British military and strategy, the American army and strategy, the British tactics and the map of 1776-1777. She also explains African-American role in the war, women's role in the war, Edenton Ladies Tea Party and Philadelphia on the eve of the revolution. Other key points she mentioned are Thomas Jeffery's an east prospect of the city of Philadelphia, Turning Point: Battle of Saratoga, the end of war and Treaty of Paris in 1783.
On July 4, 1776, the Congress approved a Declaration of Independence
Thomas Jefferson proclaimed that “all men are created equal” and that they possess the rights of “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness” and that government derives its power from the “consent of the governed”
Patriots were in the majority of the 13 mainland colonies & used their control of local govts to funnel men, money, & supplies to the rebel cause
The Loyalist strongholds were limited to Nova Scotia, NY, NJ, & certain areas in the South
Native Americans favored the British & helped the Loyalist cause
The Battle of Saratoga was the turning point in the war since Patriots captured more than 5,000 British troops & their equipment; it also ensured the success of American diplomats who were in Paris seeking a military alliance w/France
The Treaty of Paris was signed on Sept. 1783 & Britain recognized independence of its seaboard colonies & relinquished claims to lands south of the Great Lakes
Independence Declared and the Revolutionary War
Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.