In this lesson, our instructor Elizabeth Turro gives an introduction on the Great War. She talks about the causes of the Great War, the Europe map of 1914, how the assassination hurtles Europe toward WW1, how the fighting breaks out, trench warfare and deadly weapons. She also explains why Wilson urges for neutrality, key events in 1915 and 1916, early anti-war sentiments, pro-war propaganda, why Wilson abandons neutrality, sinking of Lusitania and the Zimmermann note. The other key points are mentioned are the Home Front, image of we want you!, wartime economy, more propaganda posters and songs, opposition and hope for minorities and crackdown on dissent.
Causes of the Great War: Nationalism, militarism, imperialism, & entangling alliances (combined with other factors) led to European nations to a brutal war
The U.S. stayed out of the war at first; most Americans saw no reason to get involved since we had a good relationship with both sides; the belief in “U.S. exceptionalism,” the feeling that democratic values & institutions made their country immune from the corruption & chaos of other nations
American public was divided; b/c of the huge immigrant population in the U.S. & there were 3 main groups: isolationists, interventionists and the internationalists
Eventually, U.S. enters war because of German sinking of Lusitania and the Zimmermann Note
U.S. engaged in total war and mobilized the home front, initiated the draft, and led a propaganda campaign
Conscientious objectors and peace activists spoke out against the war while African Americans hoped to be treated as equals for their war efforts
The U.S. gov cracked down on dissent over the war with the passing of the Espionage Act and Sedition Act
The Great War
Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.