In this lesson, our instructor Elizabeth Turro gives an introduction on abolitionism. She talks about how the free Blacks movement urges others to elevate, the antislavery movement, the abolitionists, moderate and extreme approaches, William Lloyd Garrison and David Walker. She also explains Nat Turner, the Underground Railroad, Frederick Douglass, Douglass and the North Star. The other key points are other Evangelical abolitionists, anti-abolitionism, Amistad, abolitionists and politics.
Abolitionism had an appeal to free African Americans especially in the cities (in 1850, about 250,000)
Despite difficulties, northern blacks were proud of their freedom but also wanted to help those of whom were still enslaved; many subscribed to the Liberator
Abolitionist and founder of The Liberator, William Lloyd Garrison, believed opponents of slavery should view slavery from the black man’s point of view (not the slave owner’s), rejected “gradualism,” and demanded immediate abolition of slavery and citizenship to blacks
Garrison’s followers took an uncompromising moral stance and helped runaway slaves find refuge via the underground railroad (to the North or Canada). Harriet Tubman was a “conductor” of the underground railroad.
David Walker, a free black from Boston, published an outspoken pamphlet: Walker’s Appeal to the Colored Citizens in which he justified slave rebellion, warning of a slave revolt if their freedom was delayed; he called for a violent black rebellion in Boston around the time that Nat Turner’s revolt took place in Southampton County, VA
Frederick Douglass was born into slavery but then later escaped, became one of the most powerful abolitionists & orators
Douglass purchased his freedom & founded the antislavery newspaper the North Star in Rochester, NY, wrote an autobiography: Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, became the most influential force & led the first national convention in 1830.
Backlash against abolitionist movement especially white southerners but also white northerners; some warned that abolitionism would produce a sectional war
Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.