In this lesson, our instructor Elizabeth Turro gives an introduction on Jacksonian Democracy. She talks about the rise of popular politics, the political machine, the changing in voting patterns, how Jackson runs a tough campaign, the age of Jackson, the first days in office and Whigs. She also explains the president of the common man, the victors belong to the spoils, Jackson's political Rivals: Clay, the rise of Martin Van Buren and Jackson's scandalous cabinet. The other key points she mentioned are the rats leaving a falling house, Calhoun, nullification, nullification crisis and the compromise reached.
On one hand, expansion of the vote for white male farmers & wage earners; in 1824, less than 27% of adult white males voted whereas in 1828, 58% voted & in 1840, 80%
On the other hand, still limits, such as in the South, election laws still favored planters & no franchise for free blacks in the South & hardly anywhere in the North. Limited rights for women.
Martin Van Buren was instrumental in creating the first political machine and advocated for the spoils system to award public jobs to political supporters.
Van Buren helped Andrew Jackson’s campaign and Jackson won the 1828 election. The “common man’s president” was the first president from a trans-Appalachian state.
His critics labeled Jackson a “king” and a new political party emerged: the Whigs, who fought against Jacksonian policies (destroying Clay’s American System, vetoing numerous bills, and killing the bank)
The nullification crisis that arose due to Calhoun’s rejection of the tariff highlighted opposing interpretations of the Constitution, especially states’ rights v. federal power.
Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.