In this lesson, our instructor Elizabeth Turro gives an introduction on the Red Scare and the Eisenhower years. She talks about the second Red Scare, Alger Hiss, HUAC, anti-communist hysteria, McCarthyism, anti-communism, the Red Scare, protest of HUAC, Red Channels, Ethel, Julius Rosenberg and Dwight D. Eisenhower and the Highway Act of 1956. She also explains the Space Race, the new look in foreign policy, containment the third world, decolonization of the Third World, containment in the Post-Colonial world, U.S. Global defense treaties in Cold War, SEATO and the role of the CIA. The other key points are containment policy, military industrial complex, military industrial map and spending graph.
The (second) Red Scare broke out in the early 1950s: the House of Un-American Activities Committee held widely publicized investigations to prove that under Dem rule, the government had tolerated (if not actually encouraged) communist subversion
Senator Joseph McCarthy of Wisconsin, Republican, was at the forefront of the investigations and appealed to many working class U.S. citizens b/c he “took the globes off” to fight Communism and attacked the educated elite from the east coast
Anti-communist hysteria spread & McCarthyism spun out of control; many people feared McCarthy & other anti-communist gov officials, but it eventually died down by the late 1950s.
Eisenhower’s presidency epitomized by “Modern Republicanism” emphasized a slowdown, not dismantling of federal responsibilities
NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) was founded in 1958, the year after the Soviets launched Sputnik, the first satellite
The CIA become very active & helps overthrow Iran’s premier after he seized control of British oil properties; it supported a coup of Arbenz in Guatemala after he expropriated land held by the United Fruit Co.
In Eisenhower’s Farewell Address in 1961, he warned against the “military industrial complex” which by then employed 3.5 million Americans but had the potential to threaten the civil liberties & democratic processes
The Red Scare and The Eisenhower Years
Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.