In this lesson, our instructor Elizabeth Turro gives an introduction on the conservative resurgence and the 1980s. She talks about free-market economics, religious conservatism, supply-side economics, trickledown economics, Reaganomics, the annual federal budget deficit or surplus, presidential landscaping and strategic defense initiative. She also explains how the relations with the USSR improve, why the wall comes down in 1989, how Reagan aids anticommunists and Israelis, involvement in Latin America and Caribbean and Iran-Contra affair and scandal. The other key points are Iran-Contra, foreign policy after the Cold War, social issues, economic changes, the income of two-wage families graph, other themes in the 1980s and the 1987 March on Washington for Gay and Lesbian rights.
The conservative movement addressed anticommunism, free-market economics, & religious moralism
Reagan set out to roll back federal taxes, social welfare spending, & the regulatory bureaucracy; his economic policy became known as “Reaganomics”--Supply-side or “Voodoo” Economics (by Bush) and the “trickle down” theory
Reagan instead rearmed U.S. to force the Soviets into a prolonged arms race that would damage their economy; supported CIA initiatives in Angola, Mozambique, Afghanistan, and Central America; aided repressive, right-wing regimes in blocking Soviet influence but at great costs.
Beginning in 1985, Soviet leader Gorbachev introduced policies of glasnost (openness) and perestroika (economic restructuring) in Soviet Union; met Reagan in 1985; within two years, the two nations were negotiating the elimination of intermediate-range nuclear missiles in Europe
Iran-Contra Scandal exposed and tarnished his admin: when Reagan administration sold arms to Iran in an effort to gain assistance in negotiating hostage releases in Lebanon; did so without congressional approval; used the profits to overthrow democratically elected government in Nicaragua (Sandinistas) without congressional support/knowledge
AIDS epidemic--first appeared in 1981—and gay men were among the earliest carriers of the disease; a hundred thousand Americans died
Conservative movement hampered the gov from declaring AIDS a national health emergency
Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.