In this lesson, our instructor Elizabeth Turro gives an introduction on reconstruction. She talks about reconstruction, presidential reconstruction, congressional reconstruction, how Lincoln was assassinated, Andrew Johnson's reconstruction, the Black codes and backlash. She also explains Freedmen's Bureau, type of labor system, White Man's government, congress versus the president and the Fourteenth Amendment. The other key points are Johnsons response, radical Republicans, the Reconstruction act of 1867 and the impeachment of Johnson.
Reconstruction: a time period & a process between 1865 and 1877 (from the end of the Civil War until the end of military reconstruction when the Union army withdrew from the South)
The process was more complicated & complex: readmitting the Southern states, physically reconstructing & rebuilding Southern towns, cities, & property that had been destroyed during the war, and integrating newly freed blacks into U.S. society
Lincoln spoke of the need to “bind up the nation’s wounds”
The plans for Reconstruction varied between the president and congress (led by Radica Republicans) and led to tensions.
Abraham Lincoln was assassinated and Democrat Andrew Johnson become president and blocks efforts made by Radical Republicans.
Southerners enacted black codes that were designed to drive the ex-slaves back to plantations; they had moved to restore slavery in all but the name
Although some changes were instituted and the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments were passed, many African Americans were voted into office, and the Freedmen’s Bureau was instituted, there was a huge backlash against these reforms in the South.
Articles of impeachment were brought up against Johnson for violating the Tenure of Office Act, but he was not impeached.
Reconstruction, Part 1
Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.