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For more information, please see full course syllabus of AP U.S. History
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Reconstruction, Part 1

  • Reconstruction: a time period & a process between 1865 and 1877 (from the end of the Civil War until the end of military reconstruction when the Union army withdrew from the South)
  • The process was more complicated & complex: readmitting the Southern states, physically reconstructing & rebuilding Southern towns, cities, & property that had been destroyed during the war, and integrating newly freed blacks into U.S. society
  • Lincoln spoke of the need to “bind up the nation’s wounds”
  • The plans for Reconstruction varied between the president and congress (led by Radica Republicans) and led to tensions.
  • Abraham Lincoln was assassinated and Democrat Andrew Johnson become president and blocks efforts made by Radical Republicans.
  • Southerners enacted black codes that were designed to drive the ex-slaves back to plantations; they had moved to restore slavery in all but the name
  • Although some changes were instituted and the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments were passed, many African Americans were voted into office, and the Freedmen’s Bureau was instituted, there was a huge backlash against these reforms in the South.
  • Articles of impeachment were brought up against Johnson for violating the Tenure of Office Act, but he was not impeached.

Reconstruction, Part 1

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  • Intro 0:00
  • Overview 0:06
  • Reconstruction 1:32
    • Readmitting the Southern States
    • Bind Up the Nation's Wounds
    • Freedom Beyond Emancipation
    • Rebellious States
  • Presidential Reconstruction 6:29
    • Separation of Power
    • Ten Percent Plan
    • Lenient Policy
  • Congressional Reconstruction 9:37
    • Wade-Davis Bill
    • An Oath of Allegiance
    • Pocket veto
  • Lincoln Was Assassinated 11:34
    • Ford's Theater
    • The Four Co-conspirators
  • Andrew Johnson's Reconstruction 13:16
    • Andrew Johnson
    • Appointed Provisional Governors
    • Rejoining the Union
  • Black Codes and Backlash 15:34
    • Black Codes
    • Refuse to Admit the Southern Delegations
  • The Black Codes 19:08
  • Freedmen's Bureau 20:08
    • Lyman Trumbull
    • Securing the Civil Rights of the Freedmen
  • What Type of Labor System 22:52
    • Battles in the Sea Islands
    • True Freedom
    • Gang-Labor System
  • White Man's Government 25:33
    • White Supremacy
    • Turned to Washington
  • Congress Versus the President 27:17
    • Freedmen's Bureau Bill
    • Trumbull's Civil Rights Bill
    • 14th Amendment to the Constitution
  • Fourteenth Amendment 29:24
    • All Persons Born or Naturalized in the United States
    • The Equal Protection of the Laws
    • Civil Rights Act
  • Johnson's Response 32:00
    • The Fourteenth Amendment Became a Campaign Issue
    • Waving the Bloody Shirt
    • The Civil Rights of Ex-Slaves
  • Radical Republicans 34:07
    • Party's Abolitionist Strain
    • Remaking Southern Society
    • Thaddeus Stevens and Charles Sumner
  • The Reconstruction Act of 1867 36:54
    • Five Military Districts
    • Prewar Political Class
    • The Tenure of Office
    • Replace Edwin M. Stanton by General Ulysses S. Grant
  • Impeachment of Johnson 38:47
    • Impeachment
    • Tenure of Office Act
    • Horatio Seymour
  • Impeachment of Johnson, 1867 40:49
  • Example 1 41:22
  • Example 2 44:09
  • Example 3 47:15