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For more information, please see full course syllabus of AP U.S. History
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Immigration, Urban, Culture and Politics

  • Ward politics: race & ethnicity oftentimes divided newcomers & this led to a system of urban political machines (organizations that rendered services that communities would not otherwise receive) like Tammany Hall in NY. The “machines” were led by “bosses.”
  • Increase in suburbanization during the late 19th century: the farther from the city, the finer the house & larger the lot
  • Working-class culture and entertainment: amusement parks, vaudeville theaters, baseball, newspapers
  • For upper-class Americans, they invested in and enjoyed various art galleries and symphony orchestras that were founded
  • Immigrants enter via Ellis Island in NYC where majority of immigrants arrived from 1892 on; govt clerks asked a series of questions & did health checks; by 1924, estimated about 17 million passed through EIlis Island
  • “Old” and “New” Immigrants: huge migration from the Old World that started in 1840s: Irish (potato famine,) Germans & Swedes, & then later Austrians, Hungarians, and other Slavic peoples in the late 1890s into the early 20th century
  • Exclusionary acts such as Chinese excluded – Chinese Exclusion Act (1882) barred workers from entering country; was not repealed until 1943; Korean and Japanese immigrants began arriving at the turn of the century; 1906 ruling stated that these new immigrants were not eligible for citizenship; Chinese were nation’s first “illegal immigrants.”
  • Various “push and pull” factors that bring people to the U.S.: religious, economic, political reasons

Immigration, Urban, Culture and Politics

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  • Intro 0:00
  • Overview 0:07
  • Ward Politics and Political Bosses 0:56
    • Urban Political Machines
    • Tammany Hall in New York
    • Grassroots Constituency
    • Boss Tweed
  • The Political Machine and Corruption 5:34
  • George Plunkitt 7:13
    • Regular System
    • Honest Graft
  • Social Changes 10:54
    • Class Society
    • Increase in Suburbanization
    • American Woman's Home Journal
  • A Clash of Values 12:51
    • The Victorian Ideal of Domesticity
    • Clash of Victorian Ideas
    • Comstock Law
  • Religion and Secularism in the City 15:26
    • Orthodox Judaism
    • Catholic Church
    • Protestant Churches
  • Working-Class Culture and Journalism 19:10
    • Working-Class Culture
    • Joseph Pulitzer
    • Heart's New York Journal
  • The Higher Culture 21:58
    • The Corcoran Gallery of Art
    • Symphony Orchestras
    • Increase in Public Libraries
    • The Gilded Age
  • Ellis Island and Angel Island 25:31
    • Ellis Island
    • Angel Island
    • Paper Sons and Paper Daughters
  • The Immigrant Experience 28:36
  • “Old” and “New” Immigrants 31:12
  • Immigrant Challenges and Opportunities 32:06
    • Fraternal Organizations
    • Labor Force in Factories
    • Backlash Against Immigrants
  • The “Land of Milk and Honey” 37:18
    • Old Immigrants
    • Push and Pull
  • Immigration Cartoons 38:25
  • Urban Life: Technology Improves Life 39:49
    • New Forms of Transportation
    • Suburbs
    • Public-Works Programs
    • Skyscrapers and Subways
  • Frederick Law Olmsted's Central Park 41:18
    • Designed in 1860s
    • Inspired Other Parks
  • Urban Problems 42:29
    • Tenements
    • Poor Conditions
  • Example 1 43:32
  • Example 2 44:42
  • Example 3 45:57