In this lesson, our instructor Elizabeth Turro gives an introduction on the Progressive Era. She talks about progressivism, Jane Addams, Hull House, settlement movement, progressive ideas, muckrakers, progress, poverty, looking backward and how the other half lives. She also explains women progressives, Louis D. Brandeis, other female reformers, suffrage movement, urban liberalism, triangle shirtwaist factory fire, cultural pluralism embattled and populist ideas implemented into politics. The other key points are progressive governors, progressivism, national politics and Teddy Roosevelt.
The Progressive Era began at the end of the 19th century until about the late1920s in response to laissez-faire Gilded Age.
Progressives came from various sectors of society & there was no single progressive constituency, agenda, or unifying org., (mostly but they had a common belief that industrialization/urbanization caused social & political problems that needed to be addressed)
A goal for many: to get rid of corrupt govt officials & reform govt/society & to achieve justice
The Progressive reform movement included: the settlement house movement, muckraking journalism, the Social Gospel, birth control movement, labor movement, women’s rights, civil rights, educational reform, child care, eradicating child labor, suffrage movement,
The Triangle Factory Fire of 1911 was a turning point in the history of progressive reforms after 146 died in the fire because they were trapped in the unsafe building; the incident triggered the NY State Factory Commission to develop labor reform: 56 laws dealing w/fire hazards, unsafe machines, industrial homework, & wages/hours for women & children
Some nativist groups spoke out to restrict immigration and in support of prohibition
Improvements in democracy: the direct primary, initiative, referendum, and recall were all new populist/progressive tools for the people
Progressive governors like La Follete, Johnson, Wilson, and Roosevelt paved the wave for Progressive presidents
Progressive Era, Part 1
Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.