In this lesson, our instructor Elizabeth Turro gives an introduction on reconstruction. She talks about how women's suffrage is denied, out in the cold, the Republican rule in the South, martial law in the South, the Republican program, the republican reconstruction and how the African Americans take a greater role in politics. She explains African Americans in government, the quest of land, sharecropping the violence in the South, the backlash, the image of worse than slavery, one vote less and the democratic backlash. The other key points are prosecuting the KKK, the undoing of reconstruction, the end of reconstruction, how grant wins and scandals ensue, the depression, Grantism, the political crisis of 1877 and the end of reconstruction.
Republicans ruled in the South and between 1868-1871 all the s. states met the congressional stipulations & rejoined the Union
Southern white Republicans were called “scalawags,” (an ancient Scots-Irish term for runty, worthless animals) by Dem. ex-Confederates; white Northerners who moved to the South were called “carpetbaggers,” (self-seeking interlopers who carried all their property in cheap suitcases called carpetbags
Some problems with Reconstruction: Reconstruction gov’s debts mounted rapidly, and public credit collapsed; much of the spending was wasted or ended up in the pockets of state officials
Promises of “40 acres & a mule” were mostly broken although about 14,000 black families acquired farms. Many, however, were landless
Sharecropping was a distinctive labor system for cotton agriculture in which the freedmen worked as tenant farmers, exchanging
The undoing of Reconstruction was as much about northern acquiescence as it was about southern resistance; Dems worked hard to get the vote restored to ex-Confederates, appealing to racial solidarity & southern patriotism & attacking black suffrage as a threat to white supremacy
Violence and backlash against African Americans and Republicans spread throughout the South due to activities by the KKK and other white terrorist groups
Grant became president in 1872, but his administration was riddled with corruption and scandal, such as the Credit Mobilier Scandal
Reconstruction officially ends once Rutherford B. Hayes won the election and a deal was made, allowing him to be president in exchange for a promise for home rule in the South.
Reconstruction, Part 2
Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.