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Democrats, Whigs, and the Second Party System

  • Since Jackson does not seek a third term, Van Buren runs as the Democratic candidate and wins; the Whig strategy of nominating 4 candidates from different regions so that the election could be thrown to the House failed.
  • The Panic of 1837 threw the U.S. economy into disarray and resulted because of Jackson’s policies (killing Bank of U.S.) & business cycle: the boom of 1836 caused a budget surplus, so then the issue was what to do with the money
  • Laissez-faire economic policy was dominant during this ear and so the fed. govt didn’t intervene during the Panic; the only thing that was created was the “independent treasury” system
  • Although Working Men’s parties became popular in the Jacksonian era, the labor movement was attacked by employers who brought lawsuits against unions to overturn closed shop agreements
  • The Log Cabin Campaign involved William Henry Harrison (Whig) v. Martin Van Buren (Dem) and Harrison, also known as “Old Tippecanoe,” who in actuality was a wealthy member of the frontier elite, was portrayed as a man of the people who loved log cabins & hard cider

Democrats, Whigs, and the Second Party System

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  • Intro 0:00
  • Overview 0:06
  • Taney Appointed to the Court 1:32
    • Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge
    • Promote General Happiness
    • Exercising a Monopoly
    • Expansion of Economic Opportunity
  • The Whigs Respond to the Democrats 4:03
    • Second Party System
    • Laissez-Faire Capitalism
    • Irish and German Catholics
  • Whig Ideology 6:52
    • Expanding the Power of the Federal Government
    • Supporters of Legislation
    • Anti-Mason Movement
  • The “Great Triumvirate” 8:20
    • Henry Clay
    • Daniel Webster
    • John Calhoun
  • Election of 1836 9:28
    • Van Buren
    • Nominating Four Candidates From Different Regions
  • An Affecting Scene in Kentucky 10:35
  • 1836 Election Cartoon 12:48
  • Divided Leadership Affects 1836 Election 14:51
    • Martin Van Buren and Democrats
    • Individual Rights
    • The Failed Plan
  • The Panic of 1837 15:49
    • Distribution Act
    • Land Speculative Fever Resulted
    • Independent Treasury System
    • Image of the Panic of 1837
  • Depression of 1837 21:25
    • The Ideology of Artisan Republicanism
    • Unions to Bargain for Higher Wages
    • Closed Shops Agreements
  • Effects of the Depression 23:09
    • Prohibited “Conspiracies” in Restraint of Trade
    • The Democratic Party
  • Commonwealth v. Hunt in 1842 24:35
    • Peaceful Unions
    • Upheld the Rights of Workers
    • Ten-Hour Day for Federal Employees
  • Log Cabin Campaign of 1840 25:50
    • Penny Press
    • The Party of the Common People
    • William Henry Harrison
  • Log Cabin Campaign 28:02
  • Harrison Wins 28:24
    • 234 V.S. 60 Electoral Votes
    • Re-Charter bank
    • Preemption Act of 1841
  • Foreign Policy Highlights 30:09
    • Caroline
    • Aroostook war
    • Creole
    • Webster-Ashburton Treaty
    • Extraterritoriality
  • Example 1 33:05
  • Example 2 35:36