In this lesson, our instructor Elizabeth Turro gives an introduction on Democrats, Whigs, and the second party system. She talks about how Taney is appointed to the court, how the Whigs respond to the Democrats, the Whig ideology, the great triumvirate and the election of 1836. She also explains an affecting scene in Kentucky, the 1836 election cartoon, how the divided leadership affects the 1836 election, the Panic of 1837 and the depression of 1837. The other key points she mentioned are the effects of the depression, Commonwealth v. Hunt in 1842, the Log Cabin campaign of 1840, how Harrison wins in the election and some foreign policy highlights.
Since Jackson does not seek a third term, Van Buren runs as the Democratic candidate and wins; the Whig strategy of nominating 4 candidates from different regions so that the election could be thrown to the House failed.
The Panic of 1837 threw the U.S. economy into disarray and resulted because of Jackson’s policies (killing Bank of U.S.) & business cycle: the boom of 1836 caused a budget surplus, so then the issue was what to do with the money
Laissez-faire economic policy was dominant during this ear and so the fed. govt didn’t intervene during the Panic; the only thing that was created was the “independent treasury” system
Although Working Men’s parties became popular in the Jacksonian era, the labor movement was attacked by employers who brought lawsuits against unions to overturn closed shop agreements
The Log Cabin Campaign involved William Henry Harrison (Whig) v. Martin Van Buren (Dem) and Harrison, also known as “Old Tippecanoe,” who in actuality was a wealthy member of the frontier elite, was portrayed as a man of the people who loved log cabins & hard cider
Democrats, Whigs, and the Second Party System
Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.