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For more information, please see full course syllabus of AP U.S. History
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The Foreign Policy During the Interwar Years, The Great Depression and The First New Deal

  • Isolationism for a bit and focus on expansion of new markets was fundamental, however, to the prosperity of the 1920s & U.S. officials sought a stable international order to facilitate U.S. investments in L America, European & Asian markets
  • Dawes Plan: est. a cycle of (reparation) payments flowing from the U.S. to Germany & from Germany to the Allies
  • After 1929 stock market crash, however, U.S. bank loans stopped & the prosperity propped up by the Dawes Plan collapsed
  • Kellogg-Briand Pact of 1928--an agreement that most nations signed to renounce war—was difficult to enforce b/c League of Nations was weak & couldn’t enforce
  • Causes of Great Depression: Consumers were spending (& using credit/installment buying) at a faster pace than their wages & salaries & ran out of cash & credit, on “Black Thursday” and “Black Tuesday” the bubble burst (panic trading & stock prices fell from $87 billion to $55 billion,) due to overproduction, high debt & low prices, the agricultural sector was especially hit hard
  • After the crash Hoover announced that while he would keep the Federal budget balanced, he would cut taxes, advocate “rugged individualism,” and expand public works spending.
  • The Reconstruction Finance Corporation was established and pump priming was utilized, but many continued to struggle, so they looked to Franklin D. Roosevelt to make bolder moves to remedy the problems.
  • FDR’s New Deal focused on relief, recovery, and reform (3 r’s) so the First New Deal tackled bank reform, agricultural overproduction, the business slump, and unemployment.

The Foreign Policy During the Interwar Years, The Great Depression and The First New Deal

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  • Intro 0:00
  • Overview 0:09
  • Foreign Policy in the 1920s 0:48
    • A Retreat to Isolationism
    • Expansion of New Markets
    • United Fruit Company
  • The Dawes Plan 2:09
    • Reparation Payment
    • Financial Problems on Both Sides of the Atlantic
    • 1929 Stock Market Crash
  • The Pursuit of Peace 3:42
    • Kellogg-Briand Pact of 1928
    • A Policy of Disarmament
    • League of Nations
  • The Causes of the Great Depression 4:59
    • Business Cycle
    • Black Thursday
    • The Agricultural Sector
    • THE GDP Fell
    • Weak Farm Economy
    • The Unequal Distribution of Wealth
  • Herbert Hoover 8:52
    • The Stock Market Crashed
    • Expand Public Works Spending
    • Reconstruction Finance Corporation
  • Hoover's Policies 10:24
    • Rugged Individualism
    • Hawley Smoot Tariff
    • The Revenue Act of 1932
    • The Scapegoat for the Depression
    • Debt Moratorium
  • Tough Times and Hoovervilles 13:08
  • Election of 1932 14:02
    • The Three Rs
    • A New Form of Liberalism
    • Social Welfare
    • Anti-Poverty Programs
  • The First Hundred Days 16:19
    • 100-Day Long Special Session
    • Bank Holiday
    • Optimism of a Nation
    • Emergency Banking Act
    • Homeowners Loan Corporation
    • Glass-Steagall Act
    • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
  • Alphabet Agencies 20:32
    • Federal Emergency Relief Administration
    • Work Relief Over Cash Subsidies
    • Inflationary
    • International Gold Standard
    • The Securities and Exchange Commission
    • The Banking Act of 1935
  • NIRA and NRA 22:57
    • National Industrial Recovery Act
    • National Recovery Administration
    • Government Approved Codes
    • Outlawed Child Labor
  • Other Programs 24:21
    • Public Works Administration
    • Civilian Conservation Corps
    • Tennessee Valley Authority
  • TVA 26:25
  • CCC 26:45
  • PWA 27:11
  • Example 1 27:35
  • Example 2 29:55
  • Example 3 32:30