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The Civil War, Part 1

  • After the election of Abraham Lincoln, on 12/20/1860, the SC convention voted unanimously to secede from the Union: “fire-eaters” elsewhere in the deep South quickly followed.
  • The secessionists met in Alabama in Feb. 1861 & proclaimed a new nation: the Confederate States of America & adopted a new constitution & named Jefferson Davis as its provisional president
  • Davis forced the surrender of Fort Sumter on 4/14/1861; Lincoln called in state militiamen to put down the insurrection
  • Jefferson Davis’s focus was on the defense of Confederacy rather than conquering w. territories & they only needed a military stalemate to guarantee independence
  • Lincoln focused on an aggressive military strategy & policy of unconditional surrender; the Union had difficulty with its leadership early on and a military stalemate ensued for the first two years of the war.
  • Total war was a key component to the Civil War, so the draft was imposed, and this became unpopular amongst immigrant groups like the Germans and Irish in 1863. Women also participated in the war effort extensively.
  • Lincoln suspended habeas corpus and extended martial law against civilians who resisted the draft; this set a precedent in U.S. history that during times of war, presidents are oftentimes compelled to restrict civil liberties out of “military necessity.”

The Civil War, Part 1

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  1. Intro
    • Overview
      • The Election of 1860
      • Storming the Castle
        • The National Game, Three “Outs” and One “Run”
          • The Election of 1860 Voting Results
            • The Appeal of Abraham Lincoln
            • Secession and the Fire-eaters
            • Buchanan's Response and the Crittenden Plan
            • Lincoln Inaugurated and In Command
            • The Upper South Chooses Sides
            • Setting Wars Objectives and Strategies
            • The Anaconda Plan
            • The Defensive Strategy of the Confederacy
            • Problems with Military Generals for the Union
            • Both Sides Forced Into “Total War”
            • The Union and Total War
            • Draft Riots of 1863
              • Aftermath of Draft Riots
              • Medical Services During the War
              • Women and the Civil War
                • Mobilizing Resources
                • Economic Differences
                • Example 1
                  • Example 2
                    • Example 3
                      • Intro 0:00
                      • Overview 0:05
                      • The Election of 1860 1:53
                        • Divided Democrats
                        • A Free-Soil Platform
                        • Momentous Consequences
                      • Storming the Castle 4:26
                      • The National Game, Three “Outs” and One “Run” 7:12
                      • The Election of 1860 Voting Results 7:53
                      • The Appeal of Abraham Lincoln 8:52
                        • Reputation for Eloquence
                        • Signal to White Southerners
                      • Secession and the Fire-eaters 9:44
                        • South Carolina Convention
                        • Confederate States of America
                        • Jefferson Davis
                      • Buchanan's Response and the Crittenden Plan 10:39
                        • Fort Sumter
                        • The Crittenden Compromise
                        • Constitutional Amendment
                        • Extension of Missouri Compromise Line
                      • Lincoln Inaugurated and In Command 12:49
                        • Refuse the Extension of Missouri Compromise Line
                        • Union Constituted Insurrection
                      • The Upper South Chooses Sides 14:01
                        • State Militiamen
                        • Border States
                      • Setting Wars Objectives and Strategies 15:41
                        • Defense of Confederacy
                        • Unconditional Surrender
                        • George B. McClellan
                        • Battle Of Shiloh
                      • The Anaconda Plan 17:43
                        • Blockading the Gulf of Mexico
                        • Starve the South into Submission
                        • Seizing the Mississippi River
                      • The Defensive Strategy of the Confederacy 20:06
                        • Strategy of the South
                        • General Robert E. Lee
                      • Problems with Military Generals for the Union 20:28
                        • Confederate Army under “Stonewall” Jackson
                        • Battle at Antietam Creek
                        • Joseph Fighting Joe Hooker
                      • Both Sides Forced Into “Total War” 23:11
                        • The First Legally Binding Draft
                        • Rich Man's War and a Poor Man's Fight
                        • Unenforceable Southerners
                      • The Union and Total War 25:15
                        • The Union's Militia Act of 1862
                        • German and Irish Immigrants
                        • 15000 Confederate Sympathizers
                      • Draft Riots of 1863 28:06
                      • Aftermath of Draft Riots 29:16
                        • Riots in New York City
                        • A Plea for Churches
                        • Financial Relief
                      • Medical Services During the War 30:42
                        • The Union Army Medical Bureau
                        • U.S. Sanitary Commission
                        • Dorothea Dix
                        • Women Participated in Military Duties
                      • Women and the Civil War 33:15
                      • Mobilizing Resources 34:00
                        • Mass Production
                        • King Cotton
                        • Rebel Government as a Belligerent Power
                        • Federal Subsidies for Railroads
                        • The Homestead Act
                      • Economic Differences 36:59
                        • Less Coherent Economic Policy
                        • Legal Tender Act of 1862
                        • Inflation Increased
                      • Example 1 38:32
                      • Example 2 40:03
                      • Example 3 42:15