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Progressive Era, Part 2

  • Teddy Roosevelt and the Square Deal: reform program that sought to keep the wealthy & powerful from taking advantage of small business owners & the poor
  • TR used his executive power & stepped in: trustbusting & regulating
  • Many progressive laws were put in place like the Hepburn Act and Elkins Act that strengthened the ICC, Meat Inspection Act, Pure Food and Drug Act, National Reclamation Act, the creation of national parks
  • TR busted the “bad trusts” and oftentimes worked out gentlemen’s agreements with “good” trusts although the Supreme Court began to take a stronger stance against trusts and monopolies
  • The Republican Party divided over differences regarding tariffs and progressive goals, like Taft and Roosevelt
  • Progressive Amendments passed: 16th Amendment: this instituted a national income tax and 17th Amendment: this called for/allowed the direct election of senators
  • The Civil Rights Movement continued: Niagara Movement led by Du Bois and Trotter, NAACP was formed, Urban League was founded
  • Wilson attacks triple wall of privilege: the tariffs, the banks, and the trusts--that blocked businesses from being free and many laws were passed to regulate banks and businesses

Progressive Era, Part 2

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  1. Intro
    • Overview
      • TR's Square Deal, 1901-1909
      • Regulating the Railroads
      • Regulating Food Industry
      • Slaughterhouse
        • The “Trust Buster”?
        • Other Regulations
        • Teddy's gentlemen's Agreement
        • The Infant Hercules and the Standard Oil Serpents
          • Environmental Regulations
          • Republican Progressives Fracture
          • Joseph Cannon
          • The Progressive Faction
          • Progressive Amendments Under Taft
          • Roosevelt Strikes Back
          • Civil Rights Movement Heats Up
          • Niagara Movement
          • The NAACP
          • The Urban League
          • Woodrow Wilson's “New Freedom”
          • New Freedom
          • Example 1
            • Example 2
              • Example 3
                • Example 4
                  • Intro 0:00
                  • Overview 0:04
                  • TR's Square Deal, 1901-1909 1:04
                    • Taking Advantage of Small Business
                    • Trustbusting and Regulating
                    • Coal Strike in 1902
                  • Regulating the Railroads 3:16
                    • Interstate Commerce Commission
                    • Elkins Act in 1903
                    • Hepburn Act in 1904
                  • Regulating Food Industry 4:45
                    • The Jungle
                    • The Meat Inspection Act in 1906
                    • The Pure Food and Drug Act and FDA
                  • Slaughterhouse 8:11
                  • The “Trust Buster”? 8:42
                    • Bad Trusts
                    • Good Trusts
                  • Other Regulations 11:04
                    • Sherman Antitrust Act
                    • The Bureau of Corporations
                    • Northern Securities Company
                    • Standard Oil, American Tobacco and DuPont
                  • Teddy's gentlemen's Agreement 13:06
                    • Trans-Missouri Decision
                    • Gentlemen's Agreement
                  • The Infant Hercules and the Standard Oil Serpents 14:52
                  • Environmental Regulations 15:02
                    • Environmentalist or Conservationist
                    • National Parks
                    • Rational Use of Gifford Pinchot
                    • National Reclamation Act
                  • Republican Progressives Fracture 16:53
                    • William Howard Taft
                    • Payne-Aldrich Act
                    • Whistle-Blowing on a Conspiracy
                  • Joseph Cannon 18:42
                    • Congress's Leading Conservative
                    • Dictator
                  • The Progressive Faction 19:14
                    • Dissident Faction
                    • Progressives or Insurgents
                    • Standard Oil
                    • Pursued Monopolies
                  • Progressive Amendments Under Taft 20:54
                    • 16th Amendment
                    • 17th Amendment
                  • Roosevelt Strikes Back 21:36
                    • New Nationalism
                    • Child Labor Law
                    • Strong As a Bull Moose
                  • Civil Rights Movement Heats Up 22:21
                    • Booker T. Washington
                    • Atlanta Compromise
                    • W.E.B. Du Bois
                    • The Soul of Black Folk
                  • Niagara Movement 24:58
                    • William Monroe Trotter
                    • Niagara Falls
                    • Comprehensive Education
                  • The NAACP 25:45
                    • The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
                    • Challenge Unfair Laws
                  • The Urban League 26:31
                    • Providing Welfare to Black Migrants
                    • A Network Created
                  • Woodrow Wilson's “New Freedom” 27:25
                    • A Middle Way that Bears the Powers Of Government
                    • Place Strict Government Controls on Corporation
                  • New Freedom 28:20
                    • Triple Wall of Privilege
                    • The Underwood Tariff Act of 1913
                    • Federal Reserve Act of 1913
                    • The Federal Trade Commission
                    • The Clayton Antitrust Act of 1914
                    • The Federal Farm Loan Act
                    • A Federal Child Labor Law
                  • Example 1 31:18
                  • Example 2 33:18
                  • Example 3 36:20
                  • Example 4 37:36