In this lesson, our instructor Elizabeth Turro gives an introduction on the Progressive Era. She talks about Teddy Roosevelts Square Deal, regulating the railroads, regulating food industry, slaughterhouse, the trust buster, other regulations and Teddy's gentlemen's agreement. She also explains the infant Hercules and the Standard Oil serpents, environmental regulations, republican progressives fracture, Joseph Cannon, the Progressive faction, Progressive Amendments under Taft, how Roosevelt strikes back and how the civil rights movement heats up and the Niagara movement. The other key points are the NAACP, the urban league and Woodrow Wilson's new freedom.
Teddy Roosevelt and the Square Deal: reform program that sought to keep the wealthy & powerful from taking advantage of small business owners & the poor
TR used his executive power & stepped in: trustbusting & regulating
Many progressive laws were put in place like the Hepburn Act and Elkins Act that strengthened the ICC, Meat Inspection Act, Pure Food and Drug Act, National Reclamation Act, the creation of national parks
TR busted the “bad trusts” and oftentimes worked out gentlemen’s agreements with “good” trusts although the Supreme Court began to take a stronger stance against trusts and monopolies
The Republican Party divided over differences regarding tariffs and progressive goals, like Taft and Roosevelt
Progressive Amendments passed: 16th Amendment: this instituted a national income tax and 17th Amendment: this called for/allowed the direct election of senators
The Civil Rights Movement continued: Niagara Movement led by Du Bois and Trotter, NAACP was formed, Urban League was founded
Wilson attacks triple wall of privilege: the tariffs, the banks, and the trusts--that blocked businesses from being free and many laws were passed to regulate banks and businesses
Progressive Era, Part 2
Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.