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For more information, please see full course syllabus of AP U.S. History
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Utopian Communal Societies, the Temperance Movement, and Nativism

  • In response to the rising industrialization in the U.S. during the antebellum era, there were several utopian societies that were formed, such as the Shakers, Fourierists, the Amana colonies, New Harmony, Oneida Community,
  • The Church of Latter-Day Saints (the Mormons) emerged as a religious community in 1830, and their beliefs were based on The Book of Mormon—which traced a connection between the American Indians and the lost tribes of Israel. Mormons faced persecution because of their exclusivity and polygamist practices, so under the leadership of Brigham Young, Mormons migrated to the far western frontier, where they est. the New Zion on the banks of the Great Salt Lake in Utah. More about the Mormons:
  • There was a surge in immigration from Germany and Ireland between 1854-1855.
  • Nativist groups and individuals began to scapegoat German and Irish immigrants because of job competition.
  • The temperance movement, a reform movement against drunkenness, was influential b/c of the widespread alcoholism in the U.S., as the average male drank 3x as much alcohol as they do today.

Utopian Communal Societies, the Temperance Movement, and Nativism

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  • Intro 0:00
  • Overview 0:10
  • Rural Communalism and Utopian Societies 2:24
    • Fourierism
    • Utopian Socialism
    • Members of Phalanxes
    • 100 Cooperative Communities
  • Other Communal Experiments 6:26
    • The Amana Colonies in Iowa
    • New Harmony
    • Utopian Socialist Community
  • Major Communal Experiment Before 1860 8:39
  • The Oneida Community 10:11
    • John Humphrey Noyes
    • Complex Marriage
    • Female Followers
    • Silverware Production
  • The Mormons, 1830 14:01
    • The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints
    • Joseph Smith
    • Brigham Young
  • The Mormon Trail 16:45
  • Immigration and Cultural Conflict 17:10
    • Potato Famine
    • German/Irish
    • Cholera Epidemic
    • Immigrant Communities
  • The Surge in Immigration, 1854-1855 22:14
  • Backlash Against Immigrant Groups 23:04
    • Low Wages
    • Nativist groups
    • Immigrants were Scapegoats
    • Alcoholism
    • Samuel F.B. Morse
  • The Temperance Movement 28:33
    • Reform Movement Against Drunkenness
    • The American Society for the Promotion of Temperance
    • Temperance Legislation
  • The Drunkard's Progress 32:27
  • Carrie Nation, The Bar Room Smasher 33:58
  • Conservative Social Reform 35:30
    • Congregational and Presbyterian Ministers
    • Prison Discipline Society
    • Regular Habits
    • Sabbatarian Values
  • Example 1 38:45
  • Example 2 41:20
  • Example 3 42:46