In this lesson, our instructor Elizabeth Turro gives an introduction on the Civil War. She talks about the road to emancipation, the Wilmot Proviso map, the contrabands, how Lincoln plans to emancipate, and freedom to Slaves, Abe Lincoln's last Card or Rouge-et-Noir, Vicksburg and Gettysburg. She also explains the Gettysburg Address, the turning point, Ulysses S. Grant Charge, Barren Waste and the image of the African American Man picks up skeletons, and the elections of 1864. She also talks about post-election, Sherman's march, General William Tecumseh Sherman, Sherman's March Map and the aftermath of Sherman's march. The other key points she mentioned are Lee's Surrender at Appomattox Court House, the conquest of the South, 1861-1865, the casualties, loss and the Thirteenth Amendment passed.
The Turning Point in 1863: the Emancipation Proclamation that was issued on January 1, 1863 changed the nature of the conflict: Union troops became agents of liberation, and ONLY slaves in Confederate states freed (not in border states).
The Conf. defeats @ Vicksburg & Gettysburg in 1863 also ended their prospect of winning foreign recognition & acquiring advanced weapons from the British.
Lincoln put Grant in charge of all Union armies & directed him to advance against all major Confed. forces simultaneously; they wanted a decisive victory before the election of 1864
In June 1864 the Repub. convention endorsed Lincoln’s war measures, demanded the surrender of the Confederacy, and called for a constitutional amendment to abolish slavery
Sherman declined to follow the Confed. army into TN after the capture of Atlanta; instead he wanted to “cut a swath through sea” that would devastate GA and score a psychological victory
On Sept. 2, 1864, William T. Sherman forced the surrender of Atlanta, Georgia; Sherman’s success gave Lincoln a victory in November
The symbolic end to the war occurred on April 9, 1865, when Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Court House, Virginia; by May the Conf. army & gov had dissolved
For the South, the Union armies had destroyed slavery, but the cost of victory was enormous in terms of money, resources, & lives, w/360,000 Union soldiers dead and hundreds of thousands maimed.
The Civil War, Part 2
Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.