In this lesson, our instructor Elizabeth Turro gives an introduction on the England's Tobacco Colonies, Jamestown and Bacon's Rebellion. She explains the areas colonized by 1660, early British ventures in North America and Roanoke Island, Croatoan, the Chesapeake Colonies, Jamestown and the Man, the Myth, the Legend. She also talks about Captain John Smith, Powhatan, Pocahontas, the starving time, the effects of tobacco and how the VA Company encourages settlement. The other key points mentioned by Professor Turro are the backlash of Powhatan, how Virginia becomes a royal colony, how Maryland is established, how Cecil Calvert takes over it, the hard times and labor shortages. Last but not least, she illustrates Bacon's Rebellion, Nathaniel Bacon, the site that his followers occupied, the aftermath, the effects of Bacon's Rebellion, how the first African workers arrive and how the slavery supplants indentured servitude.
The first British permanent corporate colony was established in Jamestown in 1607. It was founded members of the Virginia Company, a joint-stock company. Their goal was trade and not settlement.
Maryland was established as a refuge for Catholics by the Calverts and Lord Baltimore.
Conditions were difficult in the Chesapeake colonies at first until the discovery and cultivation of tobacco.
Bacon’s Rebellion erupted when many “western” backwoods farmers became disgruntled b/c Sir William Berkeley, the royal governor of VA (1641-52, 1660-77), who adopted policies that favored large planters & the farmers didn’t feel protected from Indian attacks.
Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.