In this lesson, our instructor Elizabeth Turro gives an introduction on immigration, urban, culture and politics. She talks about ward politics and political bosses, the political machine and corruption, George Plunkitt, social changes, a clash of values, religion and secularism in the city and working-class culture and journalism. She also explains the higher culture, Ellis Island, Angel Island, the immigrant experience, the old and new immigrants, immigrant challenges and opportunities and the land of milk and honey. The other key points are the immigration cartoons, the urban life, how technology improves life, Frederick Law Olmsted's Central Park and urban problems.
Ward politics: race & ethnicity oftentimes divided newcomers & this led to a system of urban political machines (organizations that rendered services that communities would not otherwise receive) like Tammany Hall in NY. The “machines” were led by “bosses.”
Increase in suburbanization during the late 19th century: the farther from the city, the finer the house & larger the lot
Working-class culture and entertainment: amusement parks, vaudeville theaters, baseball, newspapers
For upper-class Americans, they invested in and enjoyed various art galleries and symphony orchestras that were founded
Immigrants enter via Ellis Island in NYC where majority of immigrants arrived from 1892 on; govt clerks asked a series of questions & did health checks; by 1924, estimated about 17 million passed through EIlis Island
“Old” and “New” Immigrants: huge migration from the Old World that started in 1840s: Irish (potato famine,) Germans & Swedes, & then later Austrians, Hungarians, and other Slavic peoples in the late 1890s into the early 20th century
Exclusionary acts such as Chinese excluded – Chinese Exclusion Act (1882) barred workers from entering country; was not repealed until 1943; Korean and Japanese immigrants began arriving at the turn of the century; 1906 ruling stated that these new immigrants were not eligible for citizenship; Chinese were nation’s first “illegal immigrants.”
Various “push and pull” factors that bring people to the U.S.: religious, economic, political reasons
Immigration, Urban, Culture and Politics
Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.