In this lesson, our instructor Elizabeth Turro gives an introduction on the Civil War. She talks about the election of 1860, storming the castle, the national game three outs and one run, the election of 1860, the voting results and the appeal of Abraham Lincoln. She also discusses the secession, the fire-eaters, Buchanan's response, the Crittenden plan, how Lincoln inaugurated and in command, why the upper South chooses sides and setting wars objectives and strategies. The other key points she mentioned are the Anaconda plan, the defensive strategy of the confederacy, problems with military generals for the Union, how both Sides are forced into total war and the union and total war. Last but not least, she explains draft riots of 1863, the aftermath of draft riots, the medical services during the War, women and the civil war, mobilizing resources and the economic differences.
After the election of Abraham Lincoln, on 12/20/1860, the SC convention voted unanimously to secede from the Union: “fire-eaters” elsewhere in the deep South quickly followed.
The secessionists met in Alabama in Feb. 1861 & proclaimed a new nation: the Confederate States of America & adopted a new constitution & named Jefferson Davis as its provisional president
Davis forced the surrender of Fort Sumter on 4/14/1861; Lincoln called in state militiamen to put down the insurrection
Jefferson Davis’s focus was on the defense of Confederacy rather than conquering w. territories & they only needed a military stalemate to guarantee independence
Lincoln focused on an aggressive military strategy & policy of unconditional surrender; the Union had difficulty with its leadership early on and a military stalemate ensued for the first two years of the war.
Total war was a key component to the Civil War, so the draft was imposed, and this became unpopular amongst immigrant groups like the Germans and Irish in 1863. Women also participated in the war effort extensively.
Lincoln suspended habeas corpus and extended martial law against civilians who resisted the draft; this set a precedent in U.S. history that during times of war, presidents are oftentimes compelled to restrict civil liberties out of “military necessity.”
The Civil War, Part 1
Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.