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For more information, please see full course syllabus of AP U.S. History
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The End of the Great War, Its Effect, and The Interwar Period

  • Despite inequities in U.S. society during this time, there were more opportunities for women, African Americans, & Mexican Americans
  • Women’s efforts to achieve suffrage eventually paid off: 19th Amendment was finally passed in 1919
  • African Americans also joined the army, many moved to the North--the “Great Migration” to the North
  • “Peace Without Victory” and Wilson’s idealism: he states the aims of the U.S. in the “Fourteen Points” whereby Wilson proposed a peace inspired by noble ideals, not greed & vengeance, he promotes national self-determination, or the right of people to choose their own form of govt, freedom of the seas, free trade through low tariffs, and putting an end to colonialism
  • Wilson also urged the international community to form a League of Nations to secure “mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to great and small states alike” but it wasn’t passed in the U.S. Congress
  • The U.S. receded into a period of isolationism until WWII, but a red scare broke out and leftists were targeted

The End of the Great War, Its Effect, and The Interwar Period

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  • Intro 0:00
  • Overview 0:08
  • The War Changes U.S. Society 1:02
    • More Opportunities for Women
    • American Women's Hospital Service
    • The Great Migration
    • Race Riots
    • Barrios
  • Protesters Finally Reach Their Goal 4:52
  • Great Migration 5:32
  • Wilson , War and Peace 6:46
    • Entering the War
    • Convoying
    • Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
  • The End of the War 9:48
    • Eddie Rickenbacker
    • Compiegne, France
    • Casualties
  • Armistice 11:23
  • “Peace Without Victory” 11:59
    • The Morality of the Allied
    • Fourteen Points
    • League of Nations
    • Paris Peace Conference
  • Paris Peace Conference 14:32
    • A Peace Settlement that Punished Germany
    • War Guilt
    • The League of Nations as Part of the Treaty
  • Map, 1918 16:37
  • Many U.S. Citizens Reject Treaty 17:45
    • Irreconcilables
    • Reservationists
    • Article X viewed as Unconstitutional
  • The Aftermath of the War 20:04
    • Isolationism
    • Red Scare
    • A Creditor Nation
  • Schenck v. United States, 1919 22:42
    • Violation of the Espionage Act
    • Justice Wendell Holmes
    • Tools for Suppression
  • Stamping Out Radicalism 24:29
    • International Workers of the World
    • Eugene Debs
    • Emma Goldman
    • Margaret Sanger
    • Federal Bureau of Investigation
  • Red Scare 26:42
    • USSR
    • Palmer Raids
    • American Civil Liberties Union
  • ACLU: American Civil Liberties Union 28:12
    • Freedom of Speech and Expression
    • On Behalf of the American People
  • Sacco and Vanzetti 29:09
    • Trial for Murder
    • Defense Counsel
    • The Fairness of the Trial
  • Shift From Idealism to Normalcy 31:41
    • Return to Normalcy
    • Suppressed by Federal Troops
    • The Supreme Court
  • Example 1 33:07
  • Example 2 35:53
  • Example 3 37:45
  • Example 4 38:49