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For more information, please see full course syllabus of AP U.S. History
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Post by Kathleen Etzel on April 10, 2016

(20:31) The first Earth Day was on April 22, 1970!

The Rise and Fall of Richard Nixon and The End of the Vietnam War

  • The “silent majority” of conservatives supported stability and elected Richard Nixon
  • The end of the Vietnam War: Nixon ordered secret large-scale bombings of suspected North Vietnamese & Viet Cong bases in Cambodia yet publicly, Nixon said the U.S. withdrawing from the war
  • Vietnamization was President Nixon’s plan to gradually withdraw U.S. troops from Vietnam and turn over the fighting to the South Vietnamese as they were trained and armed to defend themselves.
  • Cold war policy shift: Détente: a reduction in hostility, to relax relations with the Soviets, trying to cool the costly arms race & slow their competition in developing countries & he opened up relations w/China
  • Nixon used the “southern strategy” during the Election of 1972 to gain support of southern voters (asked for delay in integration/forced busing) & was successful in winning majorities in every southern state
  • Nixon wanted to cut the cost of gov & turn to the states, so he supported revenue sharing by giving states more control of where fed funding allocated
  • “Imperial Presidency”—under Nixon, the power of president increased a lot
  • He abused his presidential powers & the gov agencies like the CIA, FBI, IRS, & FCC & eventually was forced to resign because of his involvement with the Watergate Scandal

The Rise and Fall of Richard Nixon and The End of the Vietnam War

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  • Intro 0:00
  • Overview 0:07
  • Richard Nixon 1:32
    • Office of Price Administration in Washington
    • Republican Representative
    • Alger Hiss Case
  • Winding Down the Vietnam War 2:33
    • No-Win Situation
    • Cambodia
    • Withdrawing from the War
  • Vietnam War vets 4:48
  • Violence at Kent State University 6:00
    • Ohio
    • National Guard
    • Images of Kent State
  • Nixon's Trip to China and the Cold War 7:16
    • A Bold Move
    • A Policy of Diplomacy
    • Ping-pong Diplomacy
    • Detente
    • Vietnamization
  • Detente 9:50
  • Henry Kissinger 10:15
    • National Security Advisor
    • Realpolitik
  • Nixon and Brezhnev 10:57
    • Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty
    • Antiballistic Missiles
    • ICBMS or SLBMS
  • The Silent Majority Speaks Out 11:49
    • Brown v. Board of Education
    • Miller v. California
    • Milliken v. Bradley
  • 1972 Election 15:02
    • Disarray
    • George McGovern
    • Southern Strategy
    • George Wallace
  • Nixon and Civil Rights 17:12
    • Dixicrats
    • Warren Burger
    • Harry Blackmun
  • Domestic Policies 18:38
    • Inflation Problems and Economic Problems
    • Revenue Sharing
    • More Control of Where Federal Funding Allocated
  • Regulatory Laws Passed 19:26
    • Clean Air Act
    • Occupational Health and Safety Act
    • Water Pollution Control Act
    • Endangered Species Act
  • The Fall of Richard Nixon 21:16
    • Enemies
    • Imperial Presidency
  • Pentagon Papers 23:06
    • National Security
    • Theft, Conspiracy and Espionage
  • Nixon and the Plumbers 25:11
    • A Secret Special Unit
    • Illegal Campaigns
    • The Democratic National Committee Offices
  • Cover-up 26:04
  • The Tapes and the Cover-up 26:23
    • Illegal Deeds
    • Impeachment Hearings
    • First President to Resign
  • War Power Act 27:37
    • Reined in the Powers of President
    • Congressional Approval
  • Example 1 28:45
  • Example 2 29:56
  • Example 3 33:01