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Lecture Comments (6)

2 answers

Last reply by: Farhan Mohiuddin
Thu Jul 23, 2015 12:11 AM

Post by Farhan Mohiuddin on July 20, 2015

oh and just another qucik question...
What is the difference between psychoanalytic and psycodynamic perspective?
because the 7 perspectives that i am reading about do not contain psychoanalytic. they include psycodynamic perspective. However everything else is the same.

2 answers

Last reply by: Farhan Mohiuddin
Mon Jul 20, 2015 2:11 PM

Post by Farhan Mohiuddin on July 18, 2015

Hi,
Just had a quick question. I was interested in finding out more about the 7 perspectives in psychology. I did see your videos and must say they are amazing, however, I did not understand the perspectives parts. The 7 perspectives are listed all the way on the bottom.  My questions are:

- Can you please define each perspective in a simple manner so that I can understand??
-Also, can you put the people who are associated with each perspective if there are any???
-Also, if you can create a “real life” example of each perspective using a “real life” problem, it would really help me better understand the concept???

1. The Biological Perspective (Neuroscience)
2. The Psychodynamic Perspective
3. The Behavioral Perspective
4. The Humanistic Perspective
5. The Cognitive Perspective
6. The Cross-Cultural (Socio-Cultural) Perspective
7. The Evolutionary Perspective


Thank You Very Much

Perspectives & Approaches

  • The primary views or dominant perspectives have changed since 1879, from the early views of Structuralism and Functionalism to the modern views
  • The Psychoanalytic/Psychodynamic was dominant in the early to mid-20th century, with challenges from Behaviorism and Gestalt
  • The biological, evolutionary, cognitive, humanistic, and sociocultural approaches are more modern approaches
  • Many theorists now take an interdisciplinary approach combining the biological, cognitive, neurological, and sociocultural approaches (eclectic)
  • Within psychology, there are several domains: biological, clinical, cognitive, counseling, developmental, educational, experimental, human factors, industrial–organizational, personality, psychometric, and social psychology

Perspectives & Approaches

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  1. Intro
    • Unit Objectives from College Board
      • Key Questions
        • Perspectives/Approaches
        • Psychology's Biggest Question
        • How Do We View the World?
        • Modern Psychological Perspectives
          • Biological Perspective
          • Evolutionary Perspective
          • Psychodynamic Perspective
          • Humanistic Perspective
          • Behavioral Perspective
          • Sociocultural Perspective
          • Culture Comparisons
          • Biopsychosocial Perspective
          • So What Does This All Mean?
          • Explaining Alcoholism
          • Review Questions
          • Intro 0:00
          • Unit Objectives from College Board 0:12
          • Key Questions 0:52
          • Perspectives/Approaches 1:29
            • Perspectives
            • Perspectives Example
          • Psychology's Biggest Question 2:47
            • Nature vs. Nurture
            • Biological Determinism (Biology as Destiny)
            • Environmental Determinism (Blank Slate)
            • Nature vs. Nurture Example
          • How Do We View the World? 3:46
            • Maslow Quote
            • Schemas and Lenses Determine your Perspective
          • Modern Psychological Perspectives 4:40
          • Biological Perspective 5:01
            • Behaviors, Thoughts, and Emotions
            • Genetics
            • Brain Chemicals
            • Serotonin
            • Adrenaline
            • Hormones
          • Evolutionary Perspective 6:50
            • Descendent Idea of Darwin's Natural Selection
            • Traits are Adaptive Outcomes of Natural Selection
            • Big Question: How has Evolution Shaped the Mind and Behavior?
            • Related to Sociobiology
          • Psychodynamic Perspective 8:32
            • Humans are Born with Instincts
            • Unconscious and Subconscious: Hidden Motivations
            • Childhood Experiences Determine Adult Personality
            • Backward Looking
            • Ideas Not Testable and Not Falsifiable
            • Cognitive Perspective
            • Cognition is Humans Seeking, Evaluating, and Transmitting Information
            • Big Question: How do People Acquire, Store, Process, and Use Information?
            • Reality is Different for Each Person
          • Humanistic Perspective 15:07
            • Response to Psychoanalysis and Behaviorism
            • Rooted in Existential Thought
            • People are Built to Grow
            • Positive Orientation Toward Behavior
            • Phenomenology: Individual Perception of Reality
            • Self-Concept and Self-Image
            • How People Meet Needs for Love, Acceptive, and Self-Fulfillment
          • Behavioral Perspective 18:04
            • Human Behavior Learned through Interacting with Environment
            • We Learn Observable Responses
            • We Learn to Predict, Obtain, and Avoid
            • Humans are Passive Organisms who are Reactive, not Proactive
            • Consequences to External Stimuli
            • We Learn through Conditioning
            • Modeling and Imitation
            • Positive Reinforcement
          • Sociocultural Perspective 22:32
            • Behavior and Thinking Vary Across Cultures
            • Gender Roles are Key Aspects of Human Identity
            • Humans are Strongly Influenced by Contexts
          • Culture Comparisons 24:30
            • Collectivist Culture: Identity with Group
            • Emotional Dependence and Conformity
            • Personal Goals Match Group Goals
            • Trust Placed in Group Decisions
            • Individualist Culture: Identity is Personal
            • Personal Goals Don't Match Group Goals
            • Emotional Independence
            • Trust Placed in Individual Decisions
          • Biopsychosocial Perspective 26:55
            • Cross-Disciplinary and Eclectic
            • Combines Biological, Psychological, and Cultural Perspectives
            • Links Body and Environment
          • So What Does This All Mean? 29:28
            • Behavior through Multiple Lenses
            • The Big Picture Example: Using All Perspectives
            • What and Why the Behavior Is
          • Explaining Alcoholism 32:25
            • Example: Using All Perspectives
          • Review Questions 36:08
            • How do the Various Perspectives View Behavior?
            • What are the Key Lenses each One Uses to Examine Behavior?
            • Which Perspectives Uses these Ideas to Study Behavior?