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Abnormal Psychology, Part I

  • Psychopathology: Scientific study of mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders; abnormal or maladaptive behavior
  • Subjective Discomfort: Subjective feelings of pain, unhappiness, or emotional distress
  • Statistical Abnormality: Having extreme scores on some dimension, such as intelligence, anxiety, or depression
  • Social Nonconformity: Disobeying societal standards for normal conduct; usually leads to destructive or self-destructive behavior
  • Cultural Relativity: Judgments are made relative to the values of one’s culture
  • A psychological disorder will have the characteristics of atypical behavior, a violation of cultural norms, be maladaptive, or create personal distress
  • Until relatively recently, mental illness were not understood to be biological conditions
  • Different cultures can have different disorders
  • The Biopsychosocial approach combines the interaction of nature, nurture, and individual issues to understand, explain and treat disordered behavior
  • The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders is the guide used by American Psychology to define and treat mental disorders
  • There are social risk factors that increase the likelihood of mental illness
  • Insanity is a legal term, not a psychological one

Abnormal Psychology, Part I

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  1. Intro
    • XII. Abnormal Behavior (7-9%)
    • Defining Psychological Disorders
    • What is Normal?
    • Defining Psychological Disorders
    • Why Were People Behaving Strangely?
    • Pinel and the Medical Model
    • Disorders: Biopsychosocial Approach
    • Classifying Disorders
    • The DSM Axes
    • Axis I -- Clinical Syndrome
    • Clinical Disorders, Continued
    • General Risk Factors for Mental Illness
    • Labeling Psychological Disorders
    • Insanity
    • Levels of Disorders
    • Review
    • Intro 0:00
    • XII. Abnormal Behavior (7-9%) 0:18
      • Definitions of Abnormality
      • Theories of Psychopathology
      • Diagnosis of Psychopathology
      • Types of Disorders
      • In This Portion of the Course…
    • Defining Psychological Disorders 1:28
      • How Should We Define a Disorder?
      • How Can and Should We Understand Disorders?
      • How Should We Classify Psychological Disorders?
      • Duration of Symptoms
      • Intensity of Symptoms
      • **Warning** -- Psychology Student Syndrome
    • What is Normal? 6:29
      • Psychopathology
      • Subjective Discomfort
      • Statistical Abnormality
      • Social Nonconformity
      • Situational Context
      • Cultural Relativity
      • Definitions Can Vary By Context and Culture
    • Defining Psychological Disorders 13:53
      • Atypical Behavior
      • Violation of Cultural Norms
      • Maladaptive Behavior
      • Personal Distress
      • Maladaptive Behavior
      • Mental Disorders
      • Those With Mental Illness Lose Ability to Adequately Control Thoughts, Behaviors, or Feelings
    • Why Were People Behaving Strangely? 15:52
      • Fascinating History
      • Ancient Greeks
      • Under Influence of Magics or Sorcery
      • Possession
      • Influenced by God
      • Witchcraft
      • End of 17th Century, Seen as Physical Phenomenon
    • Pinel and the Medical Model 18:08
      • Philippe Pinel (1745-1826)
      • Created More Humane Psychological Approach for Care and Treatment of Psychiatric Patients
      • Advanced Categorizing of Mental Disorders
      • Father of Modern Psychiatry
      • Wrote of Dementia Praecox (Now Schizophrenia)
      • Medical Model Definition
    • Disorders: Biopsychosocial Approach 20:27
      • Interaction of Nature and Nurture
      • Influence of Culture on Disorders
      • Other Cultural Disorders/Maladies -- Amok, Koro, Locura...
    • Classifying Disorders 23:06
      • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) of the American Psychiatric Association
      • DSM V (June 2013)
      • International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10)
      • Criticisms of the DSM
    • The DSM Axes 28:43
      • Axis I
      • Axis II
      • Axis III, Axis IV, and Axis V
      • It Should be Noted That With the DSM-5, the Axis System has Been Eliminated
    • Axis I -- Clinical Syndrome 30:33
      • Disorders Usually First Diagnosed In Infancy, Childhood, and Adolescence
      • Delirium, Dementia, Amnesia, and Other Cognitive Disorders
      • Mental Disorders Due to General Medial Condition
      • Substance-Related Disorders
      • Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders
      • Mood Disorders
      • Anxiety Disorders
      • Somatoform Disorders
      • Factitious Disorders (Intentionally Faked)
    • Clinical Disorders, Continued 31:50
      • Dissociative Disorders
      • Eating Disorders
      • Sexual Disorders and Gender Identity Disorder
      • Sleep Disorders
      • Impulse-Control Disorders Not Classified Elsewhere
      • Adjustment Disorders
      • Other Conditions That May be a Focus of Clinical Attention
    • General Risk Factors for Mental Illness 33:05
      • Social Conditions
      • Family Factors
      • Psychological Factors
      • Biological Factors
    • Labeling Psychological Disorders 37:34
      • Rosenhan's Study
      • Power of Labels
      • Insanity Label
      • Stereotypes of the Mentally Ill
      • Self-Fulfilling Prophecy
    • Insanity 45:15
      • Definition of Insanity -- Legal Term
    • Levels of Disorders 48:09
      • DSM -- Category -- Disorders -- Symptoms
    • Review 49:13
      • How Should We Draw the Line Between Normality and Disorder?
      • What Perspectives Can Help Understand Psychological Disorders?
      • How and Why Do Clinicians Classify Psychological Disorders?
      • Why Do Some People Criticize the Use of Diagnostic Labels?
      • What is Insanity? Is it Psychological?