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Emotions, Stress & Health

  • Emotions are states characterized by physiological arousal and changes in facial expressions, gestures, posture, and subjective feelings
  • Plutchik identified eight primary emotions-fear, surprise, sadness, disgust, anger, anticipation, joy, and trust
  • The primary theories of emotions are James-Lange, Cannon-Bard, and Singer-Schacter Two-Factor
  • The facial feedback hypothesis posits sensations from facial expressions and becoming aware of them is what leads to emotional experience
  • Emotions are experienced in the body with changes in physiology with the amygdala acting on processing data before the frontal lobe
  • The brain part with the most dopamine receptors is the nucleus accumbens, which is a primary pleasure center in the brain
  • Lie Detector tests record autonomic responses with the assumption that lying will cause stress. They are not nearly accurate enough

Emotions, Stress & Health

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  1. Intro
    • Objectives
    • Emotions
    • Emotions
    • Primary Emotions and Mood
    • Emotions Wheel: Plutchik
    • Theories Of Emotions: So I Encounter A Bear
    • Common Sense Approach
    • Cannon-Bard
    • James-Lange
    • Singer-Schachter Two-Factor
    • Facial Feedback Hypothesis
    • Modern View Of Emotion
    • Emotions In The Body
    • Emotions And The Body
    • Lie Detectors
    • Detecting Emotions
    • Review
    • Intro 0:00
    • Objectives 0:11
      • Compare and Contrast Major Theories of Emotion (e.g. James-Lange, Cannon-Bard, Schachter Two-Factor Theory)
      • Describe How Cultural Influences Shape Emotional Expression, Including Variations in Body Language
      • Discuss Theories of Stress and the Effects of Stress on Psychological and Physical Well-Being,
      • Identify Key Contributors in the Psychology of Motivation and Emotion (e.g. William James, Alfred Kinsey, Abraham Maslow, Stanley Schachter, Hans Selye.)
    • Emotions 0:56
      • How Do We Experience Emotion?
      • Do We Feel the Emotion and Then Have a Bodily Response?
      • Do We Have a Bodily Response and Then Feel the Emotion?
      • Do They Happen Simultaneously?
      • Is There Something Else?
      • How Do We Express Emotion?
      • What is Our Conscious Experience of Emotion?
    • Emotions 1:48
      • State Characterized by Physiological Arousal and Changes in Facial Expressions, Gestures, Posture, and Subjective Feelings
      • Adaptive Behaviors: Aid Our Attempts to Survive and Adjust to Changing Conditions
      • Physiological Changes (in Emotions): Include Heart Rate, Blood Pressure, Perspiration, and Other Involuntary Responses
      • Emotional Expression: Outward Signs of What a Person is Feeling
      • Emotional Feelings: Private Emotional Experience
    • Primary Emotions and Mood 3:46
      • Plutchik Research (2003)
      • Eight Primary Emotions
      • Mood -- Low Intensity, Long-Lasting Emotional State
    • Emotions Wheel: Plutchik 4:39
      • Eight Emotions Can Be Intensified or Combined With Adjacent Moods to Create New Ones
    • Theories Of Emotions: So I Encounter A Bear 7:54
      • Picture of Bears and Description of how Instructor Felt When Meeting One
    • Common Sense Approach 8:22
      • Common Sense
      • I Tremble Because I Am Afraid
      • Stimulus --> Fear (Experience) --> Arousal
      • Stimulus --> Emotion --> Body Change
    • Cannon-Bard 8:55
      • The Bear Makes Me Tremble And Feel Afraid
      • Stimulus --> Subcortical Brain Activity --> Fear (Experience) + Physiological Arousal
      • Stimulus --> Brain --> Emotion + Body
    • James-Lange 9:23
      • I Feel Afraid Because I Tremble
      • Stimulus --> Arousal --> Fear (Experience)
      • Stimulus --> Body Change --> Emotion Of Fear
    • Singer-Schachter Two-Factor 9:44
      • I Label My Trembling As Fear Because I Appraise The Situation As Dangerous
      • Stimulus --> Arousal --> That Is One Scary Bear! I Am Afraid Of It! (Appraisal) --> Fear (Experience)
      • Stimulus --> Body --> Cognitive Response/Label --> Emotion
    • Facial Feedback Hypothesis 10:33
      • Sensations From Facial Expressions And Becoming Aware Of Them Is What Leads To Emotional Experience
      • Most Connected To The James-Lange Theory
      • How Some Tests Are Done -- Pencil Or Coffee Stirrer
      • When We Do This Test Or Make Different Faces -- Our Expressions Feed Into Our Feelings
      • Fake It Til You Make It
      • How You Walk -- Speed, Stride And More Can Send Signals About Our Emotions
    • Modern View Of Emotion 15:09
      • Emotional Appraisal: Evaluating Personal Meaning Of A Stimulus
      • Emotional Intelligence: Emotional Competence, Including Empathy, Self-Control, Self-Awareness, And Other Skills
    • Emotions In The Body 17:14
      • Autonomic Nervous System
    • Emotions And The Body 19:07
      • Physiological Similarities Among Emotions
      • Differences In Brain Activity
    • Lie Detectors 21:24
      • Polygraph: Device That Records Changes In Heart Rate, Blood Pressure, Respiration, And Galvanic Skin Response (G S R); Lie Detector
      • Polygraphs -- Why Are They Not Necessarily Accurate?
      • Questions Asked
      • Irrelevant Questions
      • Relevant Questions
      • Control Questions
    • Detecting Emotions 24:14
      • Nonverbal Cues
      • In Animals, The Baring Of Teeth Is A Threat Or Warning Display
    • Review 27:12
      • What Are The Components Of An Emotion?
      • What Is The Link Between Emotional Arousal And The Autonomic Nervous System?
      • Do Different Emotions Activate Different Physiological And Brain Pattern Responses?
      • To Experience Emotions, Must We Consciously Interpret And Label Them?
      • Can You Spot A Fake Smile? What Should You Look At To Find A Fake?