Sign In | Subscribe
Start learning today, and be successful in your academic & professional career. Start Today!
Loading video...
This is a quick preview of the lesson. For full access, please Log In or Sign up.
For more information, please see full course syllabus of AP Psychology
  • Discussion

  • Study Guides

  • Download Lecture Slides

  • Table of Contents

  • Related Books

Bookmark and Share
Lecture Comments (8)

3 answers

Last reply by: Professor Charles Schallhorn
Mon Feb 9, 2015 5:53 PM

Post by Annie Liu on February 6, 2015

When Mr. Schallhorn mentions the psedoscience, does he mean that those theories are blieved before empiricism was initiated? Can we say those pseudosciences are examples of supertitious thoughts?

1 answer

Last reply by: Cindy Lou
Sat May 3, 2014 4:48 PM

Post by Elva Fu on April 7, 2014

I think the spelling of Francis Bacon is wrong.

1 answer

Last reply by: Jingwei Xie
Tue Apr 8, 2014 8:42 PM

Post by Yu Zhang on November 21, 2013

where is link of collage board and could I download the slide show of this lecture?

History and Approaches

  • Psychology has evolved markedly since its inception as a discipline in 1879.
  • There have been significant changes in the theories that psychologists use to explain behavior and mental processes.
  • The methodology of psychological research has expanded to include a diversity of approaches to data gathering.
  • Psychology is said to have a long past but a short history
  • Over time—lots of thinkers and philosophers have inquired about the nature of humanity, from the Greeks, the various religious traditions, the Enlightenment thinkers, early scientists, and more.
  • Some have viewed the mind and body as separate entities and others have viewed them as connected and not separable
  • Empiricism and the scientific revolution let to more systematic investigations of human nature, moving psychology from biology and philosophy to the field of scientific psychology

History and Approaches

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  1. Intro
    • History and Approaches (2-4%)
    • What is Psychology?
    • Greek Letter Psi (Psychology Abbreviation)
      • What is Psychology Now?
      • Where Did Psychology Come From?
      • Theories of Human Nature
        • The Ancient Greeks
        • Socrates
        • Plato
        • Aristotle-The Rule of Reason
        • The Ancient Greeks
        • Religious Traditions
        • Mind and Body
        • Psychology's Roots -- Prescientific Psychology
        • Rene Descartes
        • Frances Bacon
        • John Locke
        • Empiricism
        • Pseudosciences
        • Review Questions
        • Intro 0:00
        • History and Approaches (2-4%) 0:14
          • Psychology Has Evolved Since Its Inception As a Discipline in 1879
          • Identify the Major Historical Figures in Psychology
        • What is Psychology? 1:08
          • Psychology
          • Definition: The Scientific Study of Behavior and Mental Processes
        • Greek Letter Psi (Psychology Abbreviation) 2:05
        • What is Psychology Now? 2:21
          • Psychology Connects With Many Other Subjects
          • List of Included Topics
        • Where Did Psychology Come From? 3:57
          • Psychology - Long Past, Short History
          • Lots of Thinkers and Philosophies Over Time
          • Greeks
          • Religious Traditions
          • Enlightenment Thinkers
          • Disclaimer -- Oversimplification and Cherry-Picking of Their Ideas
        • Theories of Human Nature 5:00
        • The Ancient Greeks 5:51
          • Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Hippocrates, Galen
          • Philosophy (The Love of Wisdom)
        • Socrates 6:03
          • Early Greek Philosopher
          • One Thing Only I know, And That is I Know Nothing.
          • Wisdom Begins When One Learns to Doubt
          • There is No Real Philosophy Until the Mind Begins to Examine Itself
          • Know Thyself
          • Developed Socratic Method Questioning Style
          • Included Demand for Accurate Definitions, Clear Thinking, and Exact Analysis
        • Plato 7:39
          • Knowledge is Innate
          • Information From Sense is Impermanent and Illusory
          • The Allegory of the Cave
        • Aristotle-The Rule of Reason 9:52
          • Three Part Division of Soul - Appetite, Reason, Temper
          • Controlling Body's Passions
          • Chariot Must Reign in Animal Appetites in Order for Soul to Gain True Happiness
          • Knowledge is NOT Preexisting
          • Mind is a Blank Slate
          • Body and Soul Cannot Be Separate
        • The Ancient Greeks 11:26
          • Greek Philosophers - Moved Away From Gods and Toward Biology and Brain
        • Religious Traditions 12:25
          • Context and Information Only
          • Gave Cultures of People Theory of Human Nature
          • Vedic and Hindu Traditions
          • Buddhist Traditions
          • Early Hebrews and Jewish Tradition
          • Chinese and East Asian Cultures
        • Mind and Body 13:15
          • Connected: Hebrews, Augustine, Aquinas, Aristotle
          • Distinct: Socrates, Plato, Descartes
        • Psychology's Roots -- Prescientific Psychology 13:56
          • Rene Descartes, Frances Bacon, John Locke, and Empiricism
        • Rene Descartes 14:06
          • French Philosopher and Writer
          • Mathematician
          • Dualism
          • Mind and Body Separate Entities But Interact
          • Deterministic and Mechanistic View of Human Nature
          • Rationality and Freedom Located in Soul
          • Cogito, Ergo Sum I Think, Therefore I am
          • Awareness of Self Indicated Proof For Existence of Self
        • Frances Bacon 15:45
          • English Philosopher
          • Mind and Failings
          • Mind Seeks Patterns
          • Beginning of Systematic Empirical Research
          • Developed the Experiment to Gain Knowledge
          • Believed That Learning Could Only be Advanced Through Observation of Facts, Experimentation, and Comparisons
        • John Locke 17:17
          • British Political Philosopher
          • Life, Liberty, and Property Are Natural Rights
          • Tabula Rasa
          • Environmental Determinism
        • Empiricism 18:51
          • Locke Added to Bacon's Ideas
          • Empiricism Was Born
          • Knowledge Originates from Sensory Experiences
          • Science Should Rely on Observation and Experimentation
          • What is the Evidence for the Claim?
          • Counters Intuition, Priori Knowledge and Revelation
        • Pseudosciences 20:39
          • Pseudoscientific Physiological Views During Rise of Scientific Psychology
          • Phrenology
          • Physiognomy
          • Somatyping
        • Review Questions 22:16
          • Distinguish Among the Various Philosophical Views That Came Before Psychology.
          • How Did Both Philosophy and Science Contribute to the Beginning of Psychology?
          • How Did Empiricism Move Psychology from the Dark Ages of Superstition Into the Modern Day World of Science?