In this lesson our instructor, Charles Schallhorn, describes Gestalt Psychology and the concept of form perception, and how we group objects to perceive them as a whole. He also looks at depth perception, and how we judge size and distance of objects based on these visual cues.
Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.
Describe General Principles of Organizing and Integrating Sensation to Promote Stable Awareness of the External World (e.g., Gestalt Principles, Depth Perception).
Discuss How Experience and Culture Can Influence Perceptual Processes (e.g., Perceptual Set, Context Effects).
German Word Meaning Pattern or Whole
Gestalt Psychologists Emphasized Our Tendency to Integrate Pieces of Information Into Meaningful Wholes
Form Perception: Figure and Ground 4:54
Two Pictures: Two Profiles or One Vase?
Form Perception: Figure and Ground 6:39
Two Pictures: Profile of Old Woman or Young Girl With Head Turned Away?
Form Perception 8:18
Diagram: Six Rows or Three Sets of Two Columns?
Form Perception 9:25
Form Perception 9:54
Form Perception 10:37
Form Perception 11:09
Depth Perception 12:36
The Ability to See Objects in Three Dimensions Although The Images That Strike the Retina are Two Dimensional; Allows Us To Judge Distance
How and When Do We Perceive That?
A Demonstration That Shows Babies of a Certain Age Do Not Possess Depth Perception
Ability Develops With Age and Needs of Species
Developed by Gibson and Walk
Depth Perception 15:10
Depth Perception: Monocular Cues 17:32
Light and Shadow
Depth Perception: Monocular Cues 17:59
Depth Perception: Monocular Cues 18:38
Relative Size -- In Two-Dimensional Drawings or Paintings You Assume Smaller Things Are Further Away Since They Are Likely Similar Size
Depth Perception: Monocular Cues 19:47
Interposition -- If One Object Blocks Our View of Another Object, We Assume That It Is Closer
Depth Perception: Monocular Cues 20:32
Linear Perspective -- When Parallel Lines Seem to Converge In the Distance, The More They Converge, the Greater the Distance
Depth Perception: Monocular Cues 21:24
Linear Perspective -- Example Two (Train Tracks)
Depth Perception: Monocular Cues 21:55
Relative Motion: As We Move, Objects That Are Actually Stable May Appear To Move -- e.g. While Riding in a Car, You May Fix Your Eyes on a House -- The Objects Beyond that Point May Appear to Move With You -- Objects in Front of That Object Appear to Move Backward
Increase Distance From the Fixation Point Increases Perceived Speed
Describe at Least Three Gestalt Principles That Impact Our Perceptions
Describe at Least Three Monocular Cues That Allow People to See Depth
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This book that preps you for the AP Psychology Exam includes 2 full-length practie tests with detailed explanations, thorough subject reviews for all test topics, from sensation and perception to abnormal psychology, and proven techniques to help you score higher.
This book is an updated manual that offers detailed preparation for the AP Psychology exam with features that include: three full-length exams (one diagnostic test and two full-length practice tests), and a review of all AP test topics, including research methods, the biological basis of behavior, sensation and perception, states of consciousness, learning, cognition, personality, abnormal psychology, and treatment of disorders. It also includes fifteen additional multiple-choice practice questions for each unit with explained answers, and an analysis of the test's essay section with a sample annotated essay.
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