In this lesson, our instructor, Charles Schallhorn talks about language, and the many branches of study in the field of Linguistics. He also describes the different theories there are for language acquisition and development.
Language is our spoken, written or signed words and the ways we combine them to communicate meaning
Linguistics are the scientific study of language—subcategories include phonology, morphology, syntax, grammar, semantics, pragmatics and more
Phonemes are the smallest distinctive sound unit
Morpheme: in a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be a word or a part of a word (such as a prefix)
Grammar: in a language, a system of rules that enables us to communicate with and understand others
Syntax: the rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language
Semantics: the set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words, and sentences in a given language; also, the study of meaning
Language development occurs in every healthy member of the human species—and does so in a predictable manner—babbling, one-word stage, two-word stage, and full sentence speaking
Children have learned 80% of the language they will every need by the age of ten
Noam Chomsky theorized the “language acquisition device” an innate ability to learn language(s) that one is exposed to during development
Other theories of language exist
Linguistic relativity proposes that people’s thoughts and language are influenced by each other
Being a polyglot is advantageous
Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.
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