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Personality, Part I

  • Personality: A person’s unique pattern of thinking, emotion, and behavior; the consistency of who you are, have been, and will become
  • Character: Personal characteristics that have been judged or evaluated; desirable or undesirable qualities
  • Temperament: Hereditary aspects of personality, including sensitivity, moods, irritability, and distractibility
  • Personality researchers may use the methods of case study, surveys, psychological tests and inventories, projective tests, observation and experimentation

Personality, Part I

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  1. Intro
    • X. Personality (5-7%)
    • Objectives
    • Who Are You?
    • Personality Basics
    • Defining Some Terms
    • What Is Personality?
    • What is the Self?
    • Personality: Methods of Research
    • Review
    • Intro 0:00
    • X. Personality (5-7%) 0:14
      • Personality Theories and Approaches
      • Assessment Techniques
      • Growth and Adjustment
      • In This Section of the Course…
    • Objectives 1:01
      • Compare and Contrast Major Theories and Approaches to Explaining Personality (Psychoanalytic, Humanist, Cognitive, Trait, Social Learning, and Behavioral)
      • Describe and Compare Research Methods (E.g., Case Studies and Surveys)
      • Identify Frequently Used Assessment Strategies (MMPI, TAT)
      • Speculate How Cultural Context Can Facilitate or Constrain Personality Development
      • Identify Key Contributors to Personality Theory (E.g., Aldler, Bandura, Costa, McCrae, Freud, Jung, Maslow, Rogers)
    • Who Are You? 2:17
      • Know Thyself
      • Be True to Yourself
      • Each Of Use Is Really Many of Us
      • He Who Knows Others is Wise; He Who Knows Himself is Enlightened
      • I Am Whatever You Say I Am
    • Personality Basics 5:29
      • Persona
      • Greek Theatre
      • Do We Find the Self or Create the Self?
    • Defining Some Terms 6:31
      • Personality
      • Character
      • Temperament
    • What Is Personality? 8:13
      • Everything You Are, Think, Feel and Do
      • An Abstract Construct
      • Manifest in Behavior
      • Based on Perceptions of Behavior
      • We All Have Implicit Theories of Personality -- Philosophical Assumptions
      • Freedom V. Determinism
      • Heredity V. Environment
      • Uniqueness V. Universality
      • Active V. Reactive
    • What is the Self? 12:40
      • What is the Self?
      • Can We Accurately See/Perceive Ourselves or Others?
      • Self-Awareness
      • Schema Issues
      • Self-Knowledge
      • Self-Esteem
      • Self-Serving Bias
      • Lake Wobegon Effect on Self
      • Culture and Self - Individualistic Cultures and Collectivists Ones
    • Personality: Methods of Research 18:45
      • Case Study
      • Survey
      • Projective Tests (e.g. TAT and Rorschach)
      • Personality Inventories (Myers-Briggs, MMPI, Factor Analysis Big 5)
      • Observation
      • Experimentation
    • Review 28:12
      • What is Personality?
      • How is it Different from Character or Temperament?
      • How is it Shown to Others?
      • How do Psychologists Measure Personality?
      • How Valid and Reliable are the Tools That are Used?
      • What are Personality Inventories, and What are Their Strengths and Weaknesses as Trait-Assessment Tools?