In this lesson our instructor talks about photosynthesis. First, she gives an overview of photosynthesis. Second, she talks about leaf anatomy, and chloroplast structure. Then she goes son to talk about light reactions, photosystems, noncyclic photophosphorylation, and cyclic photophosphorylation. Lastly,
photosynthesis, light energy is converted into chemical energy.
are the site of photosynthesis. They are surrounded by a double
membrane and contain a fluid called stroma. Stacks of thylakoids
in the thylakoid membranes consist of a reaction-center complex and
light harvesting complexes.
the light reactions, light energy is used to produce ATP. ATP
production may occur either via noncyclic photophosphorylation or
reactions in the Calvin cycle are the light independent reactions
enters the Calvin cycle and through a series of reactions a
precursor to glucose is produced. The ATP and NADPH produced during
the light reactions are required for the Calvin cycle.
Under hot, dry conditions, O2
may be fixed by rubisco, instead of CO2, in a process
called photorespiration. This process does not
produce glucose or ATP.
C4 plants and CAM plants have
adaptations to minimize the occurance of photorespiration.
Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.
The book and CD package include three full length practice exams that are presented with all questions answered and explained. The author also presents detailed reviews of all test topics and includes multiple-choice and free-response questions with answers at the end of each topic's chapter.
This book has a great topic-by topic breakdown of the 14 must-know principles with sample questions and answers for each of the subjects. Laboratory Review includes a focused review of all 12 AP laboratory exercises. Included in this is 2 full length practice tests that stimulate the actual test along with answers and complete explanations.
This book includes a comprehensive biology test topic review, covering everything from photosynthesis to genetics to evolution. Cracking the AP Biology also includes testing strategies for the grid-in and essay section, great guidance on writing a high-scoring essay, and two full length practice exams with detailed explanations.