Any process that uses biological processes or organisms in industry, including selective breeding, is considered biotechnology. Genetic engineering changes the genes of an organism, like a plant or bacteria, to control its features or products, from golden corn to insulin. Recombinant DNA comes from two sources and is often inserted into competent bacteria through transformation or transduction. Gene cloning can be used to make multiple copies of a gene, and gel electrophoresis separates DNA fragments by size. A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) can replicate DNA for analysis, as in forensic science. DNA sequencing (as in the human genome project) identifies the nucleotide sequences
Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.
The book and CD package include two full length practice exams that are presented with all questions answered and explained. The author also presents detailed reviews of all test topics and includes multiple-choice and free-response questions with answers at the end of each topic's chapter.
This book includes a review of the AP Biology exam format and scoring, proven strategies for answering multiple-choice questions, and hints for tackling the essay questions. The practice tests include answers and explanations and there is also proven test-taking strategies for both the multiple choice and essay parts.