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For more information, please see full course syllabus of AP Psychology
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Lecture Comments (2)

1 answer

Last reply by: Professor Charles Schallhorn
Wed Apr 13, 2016 9:48 PM

Post by Samuel Padilla on February 9, 2016

You call that a knife?

Testing and Individual Differences, Part II

  • Intelligence has had many definitions throughout the history of psychology
    • Global capacity to act purposefully, think rationally, and deal effectively with the environment
    • mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations
    • the mental abilities to adapt to and shape the environment
  • Spearman’s General Intelligence (g): a general intelligence factor that, according to Spearman and others, underlies specific mental abilities and is therefore measured by every task on an intelligence test
  • Intelligence index; mental age divided by chronological age, then multiplied by 100
  • The average IQ in the US is 100, but the raw score has been rising over time, which is called the Flynn Effect
  • The name of Wechsler of most associated with intelligence tests today—the WAIS for adults and the WISC for children
  • Howard Gardner proposed a multiple intelligence approach postulating eight different kinds of intelligence—linguistic, logical-mathematical, spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, musical, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalist
  • Robert Sternberg offers a Triarchic theory of intelligence with the three types being analytical, creative and practical

Testing and Individual Differences, Part II

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  1. Intro
    • History
    • Binet and Others
    • What is Intelligence?
    • Intelligence
    • Some Terms
    • Is Intelligence One or Many Abilities?
    • Stanford-Binet
    • Determining IQ
    • IQ Curve
    • IQ Research
    • Wechsler Test
    • Howard Gardner
    • Sternberg
    • Review
    • Intro 0:00
    • History 0:12
      • Sir Francis Galton
    • Binet and Others 0:41
      • Created Test of Verbal Abilities to Determine Mental Retardation and School Readiness in French School Children
      • Henry Goddard Translated Original Binet-Simon Test
      • Lewis Terman of Stanford Modified Test to Create Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales
    • What is Intelligence? 1:57
      • Different Definitions of Intelligence
    • Intelligence 3:07
      • Operational Definition
      • Sociology - Any Ability That Allows Individual to be Successful in One's Environment
      • Game Shows
      • Reality Shows
    • Some Terms 5:56
      • Aptitude
      • Special Aptitudes Test
      • Multiple Aptitude Test
      • General Intelligence Test
      • General intelligence (G-Factor)
    • Is Intelligence One or Many Abilities? 7:05
      • Spearman's General Intelligence
      • Raymond Cattell
    • Stanford-Binet 8:39
      • Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale, Fifth Edition (SB5)
      • Measures: Fluid Reasoning, Knowledge, Quantitative Reasoning, Visual-Spatial Processing, Working Memory
    • Determining IQ 9:29
      • Chronological Age
      • Mental Age
      • Intelligence Index Formula
    • IQ Curve 11:54
      • IQ Curve Graph
    • IQ Research 14:04
      • Men and Women Do Not Appear to Differ in Overall Intelligence
      • Strong Correlation Between IQ and School Grades
    • Wechsler Test 14:21
      • Wechsler Adult Intelligence Test, 3rd Edition (WAIS-III)
      • Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, 4th Edition (WISC-IV)
      • Performance Intelligence: Nonverbal Intelligence
      • Verbal Intelligence: Language or Symbol-Oriented Intelligence
    • Howard Gardner 15:19
      • Theory of Multiple Intelligences (1980s)
      • Seen Often in Schools and Teacher Trainings
      • IQ is Too Limiting
      • Gardner's Eight Intelligences
      • Gardner's Eight Intelligences: Linguistics
      • Gardner's Eight Intelligences: Logical-Mathematical
      • Gardner's Eight Intelligences: Musical
      • Gardner's Eight Intelligences: Spatial
      • Gardner's Eight Intelligences: Bodily-Kinesthetic
      • Gardner's Eight Intelligences: Intrapersonal
      • Gardner's Eight Intelligences: Interpersonal
      • Gardner's Eight Intelligences: Naturalist
    • Sternberg 21:10
      • Robert Sternberg's
      • Prolific Psychologist
      • Intelligence - A More Cognitive Approach
      • Three Intelligences (aka Triarchic Theory) - Analytical, Creative, and Practical
    • Review 23:57
      • What is Intelligence?
      • How is IQ Calculated?
      • What Contributions Did Binet, Terman and Wechsler Give to the Study of Intelligence?
      • How Can We Use a Normal Curve to Understand IQ and Comparing People?
      • How do Gardner and Sternberg View Multiple Intelligences?