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For more information, please see full course syllabus of AP Psychology
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Lecture Comments (4)

1 answer

Last reply by: Professor Charles Schallhorn
Tue Mar 10, 2015 11:26 AM

Post by Daniel Nguyen on March 9, 2015

The website mentioned at 13:45 is not in the quick notes

0 answers

Post by Professor Charles Schallhorn on November 10, 2014

I do not understand the comment.  Can you clarify?

0 answers

Post by Soheil Pana on October 27, 2014

The language is Dutch ( at 56:59 min.) ^^

Biological Bases of Behavior: Neuroanatomy & Organization of the Nervous System

  • The brain is a three-pound bundle of neurons and fibers with the consistency of pudding that is able to examine itself and has given rise to consciousness
  • The brain can be divided into two hemispheres and four lobes, each with primary functions
  • The Hindbrain (top of the spinal cord; life support) that includes the Medulla, Pons, and the Cerebellum
  • The Limbic system processes emotion and memory and interacts with the senses and other parts of the brain
  • The cerebrum/cerebral cortex/grey matter is the outer layer of the brain that contains the frontal cortex (which makes humans different from other animals)
  • The brain sits in fluid and is surrounded/protected by three layers of tissue called the meninges
  • Neurogenesis is the formation of new neurons
  • Plasticity is the ability of the brain’s functions to reorganize
  • Brain parts to be familiar with include the hemispheres, the four lobes (frontal, parietal, occipital and temporal), motor cortex, sensorymotor cortex, Broca’s Area, Wernicke’s Area, medulla, pons, cerebellum, thalamus, hippocampus, amygdala, hypothalamus, basal ganglia, nucleus accumbens
  • Brain lateralization and hemispheric specialization research has been going on for some time—Sperry and Gazzaniga’s work have yielded the most important results

Biological Bases of Behavior: Neuroanatomy & Organization of the Nervous System

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  1. Intro
    • The Brain
    • The Nervous Systems
    • The Nervous System
    • Brain Parts: What You Need to Know
    • Brain Parts: What You Need to Know
    • Brain Parts: Cerebrum/Cerebral Cortex
    • Three Ways to View Brains -- Cross Sections
    • Brain Parts: Cerebrum/Cerebral Cortex
    • The Brain
    • Medulla, Pons, and Cerebellum
    • Limbic System
    • Limbic System
    • One View of the Brain
    • Sensory Homunculus
    • Sensory Homunculus
    • Broca's and Wernicke's Area
    • Paul Broca
    • Carl Wernicke
    • Brain Regions Review
    • One View of the Brain
    • Review of Brain Functions
    • The Divided Brain
    • Roger Sperry
    • Split Brain
    • Michael Gazzaniga
    • Visual Pathways
    • Split-Brain Outcomes
    • Brain Lateralization
    • Hemispheric Dominance
    • Review
    • Intro 0:00
    • The Brain 0:29
      • Weight = 1300 - 1400 grams (about 3 - 3.5 pounds)
      • Pudding
      • 500 Billion Neurons
      • Each Neuron May be Connected (Through a Synapse) to up to 10,000 Other Neurons
      • Has Plasticity
      • It's The Weirdest Thing in the Universe
    • The Nervous Systems 3:06
      • Graphic Showing How Various Nervous Systems in the Body Work With Each Other
    • The Nervous System 7:44
      • Graphic of Overall Nervous System
    • Brain Parts: What You Need to Know 8:38
      • Hindbrain (Top of the Spinal Cord; Life Support)
      • Thalamus
      • Midbrain -- Numerous Brain Parts Connecting the Hindbrain and the Forebrain -- Includes Vision and Movement
      • Forebrain
    • Brain Parts: What You Need to Know 11:12
      • Getting to the Brain
      • Hair, Skin, Fatty Tissue, Muscle, and Connective Tissue
      • Skull
      • CSF (Cerebral Spinal Fluid)
      • Meninges (Three Protective Layers)
      • Dura Mater, Pia Mater, Arachnoid
      • Sulcus/Sulci and Gyrus/Gyri -- Grooves and Peaks
      • Neurogenesis -- Formation of New Neurons
      • Plasticity -- Ability of Brain's Functions to Reorganize
    • Brain Parts: Cerebrum/Cerebral Cortex 15:09
      • Diagram of Different Parts of the Human Brain
    • Three Ways to View Brains -- Cross Sections 18:55
      • Diagrams of the Sagittal View, the Horizontal View, and the Coronal View
    • Brain Parts: Cerebrum/Cerebral Cortex 19:35
      • Brain Parts
      • Aphasia
      • All Functions for AP Psych-Will Be Oversimplified
    • The Brain 24:07
      • Diagram of The Parts of the Brain and What Their Primary Purpose Is
    • Medulla, Pons, and Cerebellum 25:32
      • Medulla -- Breathing and Heart Rate
      • Pons -- Named After Latin Word for Bridge
      • Cerebellum -- Little Brain
    • Limbic System 27:06
      • Diagram of the Limbic System
    • Limbic System 30:17
      • Thalamus -- All Senses Except Smell
      • Hypothalamus -- Hunger, Thirst, Body Temp., and Sexual Arousal
      • Amygdala -- Fear and Aggression, Emotions - (4 Fs) - Fighting, Fleeing, Food and Mating
      • Hippocampus -- Memory
      • Basal Ganglia -- Habits
    • One View of the Brain 30:56
      • Diagram of the Human Brain
    • Sensory Homunculus 32:09
      • Picture of Sculpture Showing How Much Brain Power and Space in The Brain is Devoted to the Function of the Parts of the Body
    • Sensory Homunculus 33:53
      • Diagram of Functions of the Somatosensory Strip and Motor Strip of the Brain
    • Broca's and Wernicke's Area 34:32
      • Diagram of The Parts of the Brain and What Their Primary Purpose Is
    • Paul Broca 36:14
      • Worked With Patients Who Had Aphasia (Inability to Speak)
      • Discovered Brain Region That Bears His Name -- Lesions Created Aphasia
      • First Anatomical Proof of Localization of Brain Function
    • Carl Wernicke 36:48
      • Followed Broca's Research
      • Receptive Aphasia in the Posterior, Superior Temporal Gyrus of the Left Hemisphere
      • Wernicke Aphasia = Inability to Understand Speech
    • Brain Regions Review 37:24
      • Graphic of Side View of Brain, Review of Its Different Areas
    • One View of the Brain 38:54
      • Diagram of Brain
    • Review of Brain Functions 40:03
      • Visual Processing
      • Memory
      • Thought Process
      • Dealing With Sensory Information
      • Balance and Fine Motor Coordination
      • Emotional Responses, Esp. Fear
      • Breathing and Heart Rate
      • Sensory Relay Station
      • Sense of Smell
      • Connects the Two Hemispheres
      • Location of Motor Cortex
      • Attention
      • Hunger/Thirst
      • Physiological Arousal
      • Body Senses
      • Speaking
      • Comprehending Language
      • Impairment of Language
    • The Divided Brain 42:12
      • Brain Lateralization
      • Hemispheric Specialization
      • Vogel and Bogen, Sperry
    • Roger Sperry 42:42
      • Neural Specificity and Regeneration Studies -- i.e. Neurons had Specific Functions
      • 1981 Nobel Prize -- Split-Brain Research With Hubel and Wiesel
      • Severing Corpus Callosum -- Hemispheres Can Not Communicate
      • Gazzaniga Was Student
    • Split Brain 43:59
      • A Condition Resulting From Surgery That Isolates the Brain's Two Hemispheres by Cutting the Fibers (Mainly of the Corpus Callosum) Connecting Them
    • Michael Gazzaniga 44:17
      • Cognitive Neuroscience
      • Work in Split-Brain Research in Humans
      • Higher Brain Functioning and Lateralization of Brain Functioning -- How Each Side of Brain Has Primary Functions -- e.g. Left Side of Brain Handles Most Language Processing
      • Work is Cited in Intro Texts In Divided Brain Sections
      • Alien Hand Syndrome In Split-Brain Patients
    • Visual Pathways 46:27
      • Graphic of How Brain and Eyes Work Together to See
    • Split-Brain Outcomes 49:27
      • Graphic Depicting Split-Brain Test
    • Brain Lateralization 50:12
      • Diagram of Left and Right Brain Aptitudes
    • Hemispheric Dominance 51:54
      • Left Side
      • Words
      • Letters
      • Language/Sounds
      • Verbal Memory
      • Speech, Grammar, Writing, Arithmetic
      • Logic
      • Explaining Events
      • Right Side
      • Faces
      • Emotional Cognition
      • General Patterns
      • Non-Language Sounds
      • Music
      • Emotional Tone of Speech
      • Geometry
      • Sense of Direction
      • Judgment of Distance
      • Mental Rotation of Objects
    • Review 54:37
      • Which Brain Parts Will Likely Deal With the Following Functions?