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Development, Part V

  • Several theorists have examined adult development and proposed various sets of crises or stages that teens and adults go through
  • Gerontology is the study of aging and its effects
  • Fluid abilities are those requiring speed or rapid learning; based on perceptual and motor abilities; may decrease with age; tends to decrease through late adulthood
  • Crystallized Abilities are learned (accumulated) knowledge and skills; vocabulary and basic facts;’ tends to increase with age
  • Two commonly used methods within developmental psychology are cross-sectional and longitudinal
  • Gender is a culturally created construct, masculine and feminine, and cultural roles are quite important in a development of self
  • Sandra Ben created a gender acquisition theory whereby gender schemas develop through an individual’s observation of societal classifications of masculinity and femininity, which are evidenced in human anatomy, social roles, and characteristics.
  • Elizabeth Kübler-Ross developed a now discredited set of stages a dying person goes through

Development, Part V

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  1. Intro
    • North American Adults-Challenges
    • Emerging Adulthood
    • Levinson's Challenges
    • Female Middle Age Issues
    • Male Middle-Age Issues
    • Gerontology and Study of Aging
    • Physical Development
    • Gerontology and Study of Aging
    • Physical and Cognitive Changes
    • Research Methods in Developmental Psych
    • Sex Development
    • Gender
    • Roles
    • Gender Roles
    • Bem Gender Schema Theory
    • Dying, Death and Bereavement
    • Stages of Reactions to Dying
    • Bereavement and Grief
    • Review
    • Intro 0:00
    • North American Adults-Challenges 0:14
      • Gould's Developmental Challenges for Adults
      • Escape From Dominance (Ages 16-18)
      • Leaving the Family (Ages 18-22)
      • Building a Workable Life (Ages 22-28)
      • Crisis of Questions (Ages 29-34)
      • Crisis of Urgency (Ages 35-43)
      • Attaining Stability (Ages 53-50)
      • Mellowing (Ages 50 and Up)
    • Emerging Adulthood 2:37
      • For Some People In Modern Cultures, A Period From Late Teens to Mid-Twenties
      • Bridging the Gap Between Adolescent Dependence and Full Independence and Responsible Adulthood
    • Levinson's Challenges 5:24
      • Early Adulthood Transition (17-22)
      • Age 30 Transition (28-33)
      • Midlife Transition (40-45)
      • Age 50 Transition (50-55)
      • Late Adult Transition (60-65)
    • Female Middle Age Issues 7:15
      • Menopause
      • Empty Nest Syndrome
    • Male Middle-Age Issues 10:08
      • Climacteric
      • Andropause
    • Gerontology and Study of Aging 12:06
      • Gerontologists Study Aging and its Effects
      • Intellectual Abilities
      • Fluid Abilities: Abilities Requiring Speed or Rapid Learning
      • Crystallized Abilities: Learned (Accumulated) Knowledge and Skills
    • Physical Development 15:13
      • Our Bodies Undergo Changes in Time
      • Metabolism
      • Possible Weight Changes
      • Lower Maximum Heart Rate (220 - Age)
      • Lower Muscle Strength
      • Reduced Lung Capacity
      • This Means Adaptation, Not Elimination of Physical Activity
    • Gerontology and Study of Aging 17:44
      • Disengagement Theory: Assumes That it is Normal and Desirable for People to Withdraw from Society as They Age
      • Activity Theory: People who Remain Active will Adjust Better to Aging (Productive Aging)
      • Ageism: Discrimination or Prejudice Based on a Person's Age
    • Physical and Cognitive Changes 19:16
      • Two Theories of Aging
      • Genetic Preprogramming Theory
      • Wear-and-Tear Theory
      • Aging and the Brain
      • Dementia
      • Wisdom: Expert Knowledge and Judgment About Important Issues in Life
    • Research Methods in Developmental Psych 21:15
      • Cross-Sectional Study - People of Different Ages are Compared With One Another
      • Longitudinal Study
    • Sex Development 25:49
      • Sex and Gender are Often Confused
      • Sex: Physical Characteristics of Male and Female (Biological)
      • Primary Sex Characteristics -- Body Structures that Makes Sexual Reproduction Possible
      • Secondary Sex Characteristics -- Non-Reproductive Sexual Characteristics
    • Gender 26:41
      • Gender: Biologically and Socially Influenced Characteristics by Which People Define Male and Female
      • Gender is a Socially Defined Set of Expectations (Roles)
      • Gender Identity: Sense of Being Male or Female
      • Gender Typing: Acquisition of Traditional Masculine or Feminine Role
    • Roles 31:19
      • Roles: Set of Expectations (Norms) About a Social Position Defining Behaviors
      • Gender Roles are Related to How Men and Women Should Behave
      • Gender Roles Examples
    • Gender Roles 32:49
      • Larry/Laurie Study
      • Traditional Roles Versus More Flexible and Adaptive Roles
      • Social Learning Theory
      • Bem Gender Role Inventory
    • Bem Gender Schema Theory 37:17
      • Gender Schemas Develop Through an Individual's Observation of Societal Classifications
      • Males and Females Cognitively Process and Categorize New Information in Environment, Based on Maleness or Femaleness
      • Self-Authorship Displayed by Individual's Categorization of, and Conformity to, Elements That Belong to Definition of Masculinity or Femininity
    • Dying, Death and Bereavement 39:11
      • Elizabeth Kubler-Ross
      • Criticisms of Her Theory, Including Methodology and Accuracy of Stages
      • Context Purposes Only
      • Stages Not Universal and Not Always Followed in Order
    • Stages of Reactions to Dying 39:49
      • Denial and Isolation
      • Anger
      • Bargaining
      • Depression
      • Acceptance
    • Bereavement and Grief 41:22
      • Bereavement
      • Grief
      • Shock
      • Pangs of Grief
      • Resolution
    • Review 42:26
      • What is Emerging Adulthood?
      • What Physical Changes Occur During Middle and Late Adulthood?
      • How do Memory and Intelligence Change with Age?
      • What Themes and Influences Mark Our Social Journey from Early Adulthood to Death?
      • What Are Some Ways In Which Males and Females Tend to be Alike and to Differ?
      • How do Nature and Nurture Together Form Our Gender?