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Personality, Part IV

  • Freud postulated that the Ego used defense mechanisms to protect the person from psychic anxiety.
  • Types of defense mechanisms include denial, repression, reaction formation, displacement, projection, rationalization, fantasy, identification, regression, and sublimation.
  • Other Psychodynamic theorists added additional defense mechanisms
  • Neo-Freudians include Alfred Adler, Karen Horney, and Carl Jung
  • There are many criticisms of Psychodynamic theory, the biggest is that the theory lacks scientific foundation

Personality, Part IV

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  • Intro 0:00
  • Freudian Ego Defense Mechanisms 0:13
    • Habitual and Unconscious Mental Processes Designed to Reduce Anxiety
  • Defense Mechanisms 2:01
    • Denial
    • Repression
    • Reaction Formation
    • Displacement (Displaced Aggression)
  • More Defense Mechanisms 7:40
    • Projection
    • Rationalization
    • Fantasy
    • Identification
    • Regression
    • Sublimation
    • There Are Many More, Not All Are Agreed Upon
  • Neo-Freudians 14:45
    • Accepted Broad Aspects of Freud's Theory But Revised Parts of It
    • Alfred Adler -- Striving for Superiority, Compensation, Creative Self…
    • Karen Horney -- Basic Anxiety, Hostile World, Sense of Helplessness
    • Carl Jung -- Analytic Psychology, Persona, Personal Unconscious, Collective Unconscious, Archetypes
  • More Jung 23:52
    • Need of Individuation
    • Need for Balancing Opposites in Personality
    • The Shadow Self
    • Anima
    • Animus
    • Self Archetype
    • Mandala
  • The Mandala 26:43
    • Image
  • Impact of Psychoanalytics Theory 28:08
    • Psychoanalytics Approach Still Has Influence Within Psychology
    • Ideas With Impact:
  • Criticisms of Psychoanalytic Theory 29:51
    • Contradictory Evidence
    • Lack of Solid Scientific Foundation
    • Repression May Be a Myth
    • Modern Unconscious Mind
  • Review 32:18
    • What Was Freud's View of Personality and Its Development?
    • How Did Freud Think People Defended Themselves Against Anxiety?
    • Which of Freud's Ideas Did His Followers Accept or Reject?
    • What Are Projective Tests, and How Are They Used?
    • How Do Contemporary Psychologists View Freud and the Unconscious?