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For more information, please see full course syllabus of AP Psychology
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Social Psychology, Part II

  • Need to Affiliate: Desire to associate with other people; appears to be a basic human trait
  • Social Comparison: Making judgments about ourselves by comparing ourselves to others. E.g. comparing our feelings and abilities to those of other people
  • Interpersonal attraction includes not only the chemical/hormonal aspects, but also the social factors of physical proximity, similarity, and competence of the other person.
  • Social Exchange Theory: Rewards must exceed costs for relationships to endure; we unconsciously weigh social rewards and costs
  • Assertiveness, aggressiveness and passiveness are three approaches to dealing with others in order to get own needs met
  • Values, norms, roles and sanctions are the four key ideas used to understand how a culture works
  • The power of roles (and masks/uniforms) is demonstrated in the Prison Study done at Stanford University in 1971 by Zimbardo, et al
  • Roles can lead to expectation changes creating self-fulfilling prophecies
  • Links:

Social Psychology, Part II

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  1. Intro
    • Affiliation
    • Interpersonal Attraction
    • Self-Disclosure
    • Social Exchange Theory
    • Love
    • Assertiveness, Aggressiveness, and Passiveness
    • Comparison of Three Approaches
    • Values, Norms, Roles and Sanctions
    • Roles and Role-Playing
    • Role-Playing and Attitudes
    • Self-Fulfilling Prophecy and Roles
    • Review
    • Intro 0:00
    • Affiliation 0:11
      • Need to Affiliate
      • Social Comparison
      • Downward Comparison
      • Upward Comparison
    • Interpersonal Attraction 3:31
      • Social Attraction to Another Person
      • Physical Proximity
      • Physical Attractiveness
      • Similarity
      • Competence
      • Zimbardo Human Zoo Video Clip
      • Halo Effect
      • Homogamy
    • Self-Disclosure 10:12
      • Process of revealing Private Thoughts, Attitudes, Feelings and One's History to Others
      • Overdisclosure
      • Dinner Conversation Video Clip
    • Social Exchange Theory 11:26
      • Social Exchange Theory
      • Comparison Level
      • Relationship Needs to be Profitable Enough to Maintain It
      • Reciprocity: Return in Kind; Reciprocal Exchange
    • Love 14:16
      • Romantic Love
      • Liking
      • Mutual Absorption
      • Is Liking Someone Different Than Loving Someone?
      • M. Scott Peck
    • Assertiveness, Aggressiveness, and Passiveness 16:48
      • Assertiveness Training
      • Self-Assertion
      • Aggression
      • Broken Record Technique
    • Comparison of Three Approaches 20:31
      • Actor Vs. Receiver of Behavior
      • Non-Assertive Behavior
      • Aggressive Behavior
      • Assertive Behavior
    • Values, Norms, Roles and Sanctions 22:16
      • Diagram of Relationship
    • Roles and Role-Playing 28:03
      • Formal Roles
      • Informal Roles
    • Role-Playing and Attitudes 31:04
      • Halloween Season or Friends Who Are Actors
      • Phil Zimbardo, Craig Haney and Others -- Stanford Prison Study
      • 1971 Stanford University
      • Random Assignment to Two Groups
      • 6 Days Vs. Two Weeks
      • Escalation
      • Playing into the Expected Roles
      • Real Life -- Iraqi Prison Run By American Soldiers
    • Self-Fulfilling Prophecy and Roles 37:47
      • What Are Roles? -> Expectations
      • How Do Expectations Change Behavior For Both Better and Worse?
    • Review 42:00
      • Why Are We Attracted to Each Other?
      • Why Do We Befriend or Fall in Love With Some People but Not Others?
      • How Does Romantic Love Typically Change as Time Passes?
      • How Do Roles Impact Behavior?
      • What Was Zimbardo's Prison Experiment?