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For more information, please see full course syllabus of AP Psychology
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Lecture Comments (7)

6 answers

Last reply by: Smriti Sharan
Sat Jan 2, 2016 2:07 PM

Post by Smriti Sharan on December 10, 2015

Hi Mr. Schallhorn! I have a quick question. I have to present this lesson in my class, and i need class interaction/experiments to do with them. Do you know any experiments which i may use in my class related to development?

Development, Part 1

  • The branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the life span (The study of progressive changes in behavior and abilities)
  • Psychology examines everything from conception until death
  • Teratogens are agents such as chemicals and viruses, that can reach the embryo or fetus during prenatal development and cause harm
  • Women can take several precautions during pregnancy to minimize prenatal risks
  • There are several methods of birthing available
  • Newborns have several reflexes if healthy, grasping, rooting, sucking, moro, and Babinksi
  • Temperament: The physical “core” of personality; includes sensitivity, irritability, distractibility, and typical mood
  • Maturation is the physical growth and development of the body, brain, and nervous system—coded in genes
  • Early deprivation and enrichment can have substantial effects on the development of the child

Development, Part 1

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  1. Intro
    • Developmental Psychology (7-9%)
    • Developmental Psychology
    • Heredity
    • Prenatal Development and the Newborn
    • Prenatal Issues
    • Minimizing Prenatal Risks
    • Childbirth
    • Potential Problems
    • The Newborn (Neonate): Reflexes
    • The Newborn
    • Emotional and Social Development
    • Maturation
    • Newborns and the Brain
    • Deprivation and Enrichment
    • Review
    • Intro 0:00
    • Developmental Psychology (7-9%) 0:08
      • Life-Span Approach
      • Research Methods (e.g. Longitudinal, Cross-Sectional)
      • Heredity-Environment Issues
      • Developmental Theories
      • Dimensions of Development
      • Sex Roles and Gender Roles
      • Developmental Psychology Deals With the Behavior of Organisms From Conception to Death and Examines the Processes That Contribute to Behavioral Change Throughout the Life Span. The Major Areas of Emphasis in the Course are Prenatal Development, Motor Development, Socialization, Cognitive Development, Adolescence, and Adulthood
    • Developmental Psychology 1:20
      • Branch of Psychology That Studies Physical, Cognitive, and Social Change Throughout the Life Span (The Study of Progressive Changes in Behavior and Abilities)
      • Issues Within Developmental Psych
      • Nature vs. Nurture
      • Continuity and Stages
      • Stability and Change
    • Heredity 2:42
      • Heredity (Nature): Transmission of Physical and Psychological Characteristics From Parents to Their Children Through Genes
      • DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid): Molecular Structure, Shaped Like a Double Helix That Contains Coded Genetic Information
      • Genes: Specific Areas on a Strand of DNA That Carry Hereditary Information
    • Prenatal Development and the Newborn 3:31
      • Conception
      • Prenatal Development
    • Prenatal Issues 5:21
      • Placenta: An Organ That Connects the Developing Fetus to the Uterine Wall to Allow Nutrient Uptake. Waste Elimination, and Gas Exchange Via the Mother's Blood Supply
      • Teratogens: Agents, Such as Chemicals and Viruses, That Can Reach the Embryo or Fetus During Prenatal Development and Cause Harm
      • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Physical and Cognitive Abnormalities -- Low Birth Weight, Small Head, Body Defects, Facial Malformations
    • Minimizing Prenatal Risks 10:04
      • Maintain Good Nutrition During Pregnancy
      • Learn Relaxation and Stress Reduction Techniques to Ease Transition to Motherhood
      • Avoid Teratogens and Other Harmful Substances
      • Get Adequate Exercise During Pregnancy
      • Obtain General Education About Pregnancy and Childbirth
      • Teenage Females and Hip Bones -- Difficulty During Childbirth
    • Childbirth 11:52
      • Medicated Birth: Traditional in West; Mother is Assisted by Physician and Given Drugs For Pain (Recent Research Indicates Epidurals Can Be Quite Dangerous)
      • Prepared Childbirth: Parents Learn Specific Behavioral Techniques to Manage Pain and Facilitate Labor. Lamaze Methods is Most Famous
      • Traditional Childbirth in Remote Cultures (Attendants, Family, Solo, Midwife)
      • The Placenta -- What Should Be Done With It?
    • Potential Problems 14:10
      • Congenital Problem: A Problem or Defect That Occurs During Prenatal Development -- Exists at Birth and Sometimes Before Birth; Birth Defect
      • Genetic Disorder: Problem Caused by Inherited Characteristics From Parents; May Not be Visible at Birth (e.g. Cystic Fibrosis, Metabolic Disorders (Hypothyroidism), and Many Others
    • The Newborn (Neonate): Reflexes 16:23
      • Grasping: If an Object is Placed in the Infant's Palm, She'll Grasp It Automatically (All Reflexes Are Automatic Responses; i.e., They Come From Nature, Not Nurture)
      • Rooting: Lightly Touch the Infant's Cheek and He'll Turn Toward The Object and Attempt to Nurse; Helps Infant Find Nipple or Food
      • Sucking: Touch an Object or Nipple to the Infant's Mouth And She'll Make Rhythmic Sucking Movements
      • Moro: If a Baby's Position is Abruptly Changed or if He is Startled by a Loud Noise, He Will Make a Hugging Motion
      • Babinski: Firmly Touch Foot, Toes Fan Out
      • There Are Others, But These You Need to Know
    • The Newborn 19:13
      • Temperament: The Physical Core of Personality; Includes Sensitivity, Irritability, Distractibility, and Typical Mood
    • Emotional and Social Development 20:29
      • Basic Emotions: Anger, Fear, Joy; Appear to be Unlearned
      • Social Smile: Smiling Elicited by Social Stimuli; Not Exclusive to Seeing Parents
      • Self-Awareness: Awareness of Oneself as a Person; Can Be Tested by Having Infants Look in a Mirror and See if They Recognize Themselves
      • Social Referencing: Observing Other People To Get Information or Guidance
    • Maturation 23:25
      • Physical Growth and Development of the Body, Brain, and Nervous System -- Coded in Genes
      • Sets the Basic Course of Development; Experience Adjusts It
      • Increased Muscular Control Occurs in Patterns; Order of Maturation is Almost Universal
      • Readiness: When Maturation Has Advanced Enough to Allow Rapid Acquisition of a Particular Skill
    • Newborns and the Brain 25:56
      • In Womb, Brain Cells Were Formed at Almost 1/4 Million Per Minute
      • Newborns Have All the Brain Cells They Will Ever Possess
      • The Brain Begins to Network -- Lots of Neurons, But Few Connections -- Explosive Growth as an Infant -- Walking, Talking, Remembering
    • Deprivation and Enrichment 28:00
      • Deprivation: Lack of Normal Stimulation, Nutrition, Comfort, or Love
      • Enrichment: When an Environment is Deliberately Made More Complex and Intellectually Stimulating and Emotionally Supportive
    • Review 33:09
      • How Does Life Develop Before Birth?
      • What Are Some Birth Defects That Babies Can Be Born With?
      • What Are Some Newborn Abilities, and How Do Researchers Explore Infants' Mental Abilities?
      • What is Maturation And How Does it Differ From Development?
      • During Infancy and Childhood, How Do the Brain and Motor Skills Develop?
      • What Are Some Different Ways in Which We Develop?