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For more information, please see full course syllabus of AP Psychology
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Biomedical Treatment of Disorders

  • Biomedical approaches include pharmacology, the use of drugs to alleviate symptoms
  • Three major classes of drugs include anxiolytics, antidepressants, and antipsychotics
  • There are many examples of drugs from each class
  • Issues with drug therapies include side effects and the necessity for close regulation since too many do not follow the regimen
  • Use of electroconvulsive shock is used for severe depression—has regained use with updated methods
  • Psychosurgery is a general term for any brain surgery that attempts to change behavioral or emotional change. Examples include lobotomies, Lesioning, deep brain stimulation, and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation

Biomedical Treatment of Disorders

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  1. Intro
    • Biomedical Therapy
    • Drug Therapies
    • Anxiolytics
    • Antidepressant Medications for Anxiety
    • Antidepressants
    • Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCAs)
    • TCAs -- Examples
    • Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs)
    • MAOI Examples
    • Reuptake Inhibitors
    • SSRI Examples
    • Reuptake Inhibitors
    • SNRI Examples
    • Antipsychotics
    • Antipsychotic Examples
    • Issues With Drug Therapies
    • Shock Therapy
    • Psychosurgery
    • Review
    • Intro 0:00
    • Biomedical Therapy 0:24
      • Drugs
      • Electroconvulsive Therapy
      • Magnetic Impulses
      • Psychosurgery
      • Psychiatrists
    • Drug Therapies 0:46
      • Psychopharmacology
      • Psychopharmacology/Pharmacotherapy
      • Three Major Classes -- Anxiolytics, Antidepressants, Antipsychotics
      • Factors to Consider With Drug Therapy
    • Anxiolytics 2:29
      • Produce Relaxation or Reduce Anxiety
      • CNS Depressants
      • Tranquilizers
      • Benzodiazepines
      • Examples
    • Antidepressant Medications for Anxiety 3:41
      • Many Medications Originally Approved for the Treatment of Depression Have Been Found to Relieve Symptoms of Anxiety
    • Antidepressants 4:30
      • Elevate Mood and Combat Depression
      • Stress, Depression, and Lack of Sleep Have Been Implicated in a Lack of Neurogenesis n the Hippocampus
    • Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCAs) 5:04
      • Among the First Antidepressants Used to Treat Depression
      • Primarily Affect Levels of Neurotransmitters, Norepinephrine and Serotonin
      • Although Drugs Are Effective in Treating Depression, They Have More Side Effects'
    • TCAs -- Examples 5:36
      • List of Tricyclic Antidepressants
    • Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs) 6:09
      • Most Effective in People With Depression Who Do Not Respond to Other Treatments
      • People Must Adhere to Strict Dietary Restrictions
      • Antidepressants Also Aren't Usually the First Drugs Used
    • MAOI Examples 6:56
      • List of MAOI Examples
    • Reuptake Inhibitors 7:16
      • Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)
      • Prevent Reuptake of Chemical by Sending Neuron
      • Work by Altering the Amount Serotonin
    • SSRI Examples 8:58
      • List of Common SSRIs
    • Reuptake Inhibitors 9:46
      • Serotonin and Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs)
      • Newer Form of Antidepressant Medicine
      • Treat Depression by Increasing Availability of the Brain Chemicals Serotonin and Norepinephrine
    • SNRI Examples 10:39
      • List of SNRI Examples
    • Antipsychotics 10:58
      • AKA Neuroleptics
      • Tranquilize and Also Reduce Hallucinations and Delusions in Larger Dosages
      • Block Dopamine Pathways
    • Antipsychotic Examples 11:37
      • Haldol and Thorazine
      • There Are Many More Examples
    • Issues With Drug Therapies 11:58
      • Side Effects
      • Many For Each Medication
      • Close Regulation Required
      • Too Many Patients Do Not Follow the Regimen for Medications
    • Shock Therapy 14:21
      • Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
      • Views on ECT
    • Psychosurgery 15:59
      • Any Surgical Alteration of Brain Designed to Bring Out Desired Behavioral or Emotional Changes
      • Prefrontal Lobotomy
      • Deep Lesioning
      • Deep Brain Stimulation
      • Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS)
    • Review 18:16
      • What are the Drug Therapies?
      • What Criticisms Have Been Leveled Against Drug Therapies?
      • How Effective is Electroconvulsive Therapy, and What Other Brain-Stimulation Options May Offer Relief From Severe Depression?
      • What is Psychosurgery? What are the Different Kinds?