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For more information, please see full course syllabus of AP Psychology
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Biomedical Treatment of Disorders

  • Biomedical approaches include pharmacology, the use of drugs to alleviate symptoms
  • Three major classes of drugs include anxiolytics, antidepressants, and antipsychotics
  • There are many examples of drugs from each class
  • Issues with drug therapies include side effects and the necessity for close regulation since too many do not follow the regimen
  • Use of electroconvulsive shock is used for severe depression—has regained use with updated methods
  • Psychosurgery is a general term for any brain surgery that attempts to change behavioral or emotional change. Examples include lobotomies, Lesioning, deep brain stimulation, and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation

Biomedical Treatment of Disorders

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  1. Intro
    • Biomedical Therapy
    • Drug Therapies
    • Anxiolytics
    • Antidepressant Medications for Anxiety
    • Antidepressants
    • Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCAs)
    • TCAs -- Examples
    • Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs)
    • MAOI Examples
    • Reuptake Inhibitors
    • SSRI Examples
    • Reuptake Inhibitors
    • SNRI Examples
    • Antipsychotics
    • Antipsychotic Examples
    • Issues With Drug Therapies
    • Shock Therapy
    • Psychosurgery
    • Review
    • Intro 0:00
    • Biomedical Therapy 0:24
      • Drugs
      • Electroconvulsive Therapy
      • Magnetic Impulses
      • Psychosurgery
      • Psychiatrists
    • Drug Therapies 0:46
      • Psychopharmacology
      • Psychopharmacology/Pharmacotherapy
      • Three Major Classes -- Anxiolytics, Antidepressants, Antipsychotics
      • Factors to Consider With Drug Therapy
    • Anxiolytics 2:29
      • Produce Relaxation or Reduce Anxiety
      • CNS Depressants
      • Tranquilizers
      • Benzodiazepines
      • Examples
    • Antidepressant Medications for Anxiety 3:41
      • Many Medications Originally Approved for the Treatment of Depression Have Been Found to Relieve Symptoms of Anxiety
    • Antidepressants 4:30
      • Elevate Mood and Combat Depression
      • Stress, Depression, and Lack of Sleep Have Been Implicated in a Lack of Neurogenesis n the Hippocampus
    • Tricyclic Antidepressants (TCAs) 5:04
      • Among the First Antidepressants Used to Treat Depression
      • Primarily Affect Levels of Neurotransmitters, Norepinephrine and Serotonin
      • Although Drugs Are Effective in Treating Depression, They Have More Side Effects'
    • TCAs -- Examples 5:36
      • List of Tricyclic Antidepressants
    • Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs) 6:09
      • Most Effective in People With Depression Who Do Not Respond to Other Treatments
      • People Must Adhere to Strict Dietary Restrictions
      • Antidepressants Also Aren't Usually the First Drugs Used
    • MAOI Examples 6:56
      • List of MAOI Examples
    • Reuptake Inhibitors 7:16
      • Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)
      • Prevent Reuptake of Chemical by Sending Neuron
      • Work by Altering the Amount Serotonin
    • SSRI Examples 8:58
      • List of Common SSRIs
    • Reuptake Inhibitors 9:46
      • Serotonin and Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs)
      • Newer Form of Antidepressant Medicine
      • Treat Depression by Increasing Availability of the Brain Chemicals Serotonin and Norepinephrine
    • SNRI Examples 10:39
      • List of SNRI Examples
    • Antipsychotics 10:58
      • AKA Neuroleptics
      • Tranquilize and Also Reduce Hallucinations and Delusions in Larger Dosages
      • Block Dopamine Pathways
    • Antipsychotic Examples 11:37
      • Haldol and Thorazine
      • There Are Many More Examples
    • Issues With Drug Therapies 11:58
      • Side Effects
      • Many For Each Medication
      • Close Regulation Required
      • Too Many Patients Do Not Follow the Regimen for Medications
    • Shock Therapy 14:21
      • Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
      • Views on ECT
    • Psychosurgery 15:59
      • Any Surgical Alteration of Brain Designed to Bring Out Desired Behavioral or Emotional Changes
      • Prefrontal Lobotomy
      • Deep Lesioning
      • Deep Brain Stimulation
      • Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS)
    • Review 18:16
      • What are the Drug Therapies?
      • What Criticisms Have Been Leveled Against Drug Therapies?
      • How Effective is Electroconvulsive Therapy, and What Other Brain-Stimulation Options May Offer Relief From Severe Depression?
      • What is Psychosurgery? What are the Different Kinds?