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Personality, Part V

  • The Humanistic Perspective on personality was led by Abraham Maslow who posited that human nature was based on growth and improvement
  • Maslow created the idea of self-actualization
  • Carl Rogers elaborated on the growth aspect of people with the concepts of unconditional positive regard, conditions of worth, self-concept, self, self-image, and congruence
  • Criticisms included the lack of scientific foundation
  • Positive Psychology has taken humanistic psychology’s ideas and added scientific support
  • The Social-Cognitive Perspective views behavior as influenced by the interaction between people’s traits and their social context
  • Individualistic and collectivist cultures view the world very differently and influence the development of personality traits

Personality, Part V

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  1. Intro
    • The Humanistic Perspective
    • Abraham Maslow
    • Characteristics of Self-Actualizers
    • Carl Rogers
    • Incongruence and Congruence
    • Carl Rogers
    • Criticisms
    • The Socio-Cognitive Perspective
    • Reciprocal Determinism
    • Control
    • Individualistic and Collectivist Cultures
    • Assessing the Social-Cognitive Perspective
    • Measuring Personality
    • More Ways to Assess Personality
    • Personality Questionnaire
    • Psychodynamic Methods
    • Review
    • Intro 0:00
    • The Humanistic Perspective 0:12
      • Approach Focuses on Human Experience, Problems, Potentials, and Ideals
      • Human Nature
      • Free Choice
      • Subjective Experience Also Called Phenomenology
    • Abraham Maslow 2:34
      • The Self-Actualizing Person
      • Self-Actualization
      • Peak Experiences
    • Characteristics of Self-Actualizers 4:45
      • Efficient Perceptions of Reality
      • Comfortable Acceptance of Self, Others, and Nature
      • Spontaneity
      • Task Centering
      • Autonomy
      • Continued Freshness of Appreciation
      • Fellowship With Humanity
      • Profound Interpersonal Relationships
      • Comfort With Solitude
      • Non-Hostile Sense of Humor
      • Peak Experiences
    • Carl Rogers 8:45
      • Fully Functioning Person
      • Growth Promoting Climates Include Genuineness, Acceptance and Empathy
      • Unconditional Positive Regard
      • Self-Concept
      • Self
      • Self-Image
      • Incongruence
      • Ideal Self
    • Incongruence and Congruence 12:56
      • Incongruence and Congruence Venn Diagram
    • Carl Rogers 14:25
      • Incongruence Occurs When There is a Mismatch Between Any of the Three Entities
      • Self-Esteem Suffers When There is a Large Difference Between One's Ideals Self and Self-Image
      • Anxiety and Defensiveness are Common When The Self-Image Does Not Match the True Self
      • Conditions of Worth
      • Positive Self-Regard
      • Organismic Valuing
    • Criticisms 18:52
      • Not Scientific Enough
      • Too Filled With Values, Vague and Subjective
      • Terminology Based on Values, Not Scientifically Measurable Operational Definitions
      • Naïve
      • Self-Esteem Movement of the 80s -- Trophies for Participating Not Achieving
      • Positive Psychology Movement -- Beginning of 1990s
    • The Socio-Cognitive Perspective 23:50
      • The Social Behavior Approach
      • Built from Combining Social Learning Theory or Bandura and Cognitive Features
      • Views Behavior as Influenced by the Interaction Between People's Traits and Their Social Context
    • Reciprocal Determinism 24:54
      • Reciprocal Determinism: Social-Cognitive Belief That Personality Emerges From Cognitions, Actions, and Environment
    • Control 27:12
      • Personal Control
      • Self-Efficacy
      • Locus of Control
      • External Locus of Control
      • Internal Locus of Control
    • Individualistic and Collectivist Cultures 32:46
      • Individualistic
      • Collectivist Culture
      • In social situations…
      • High Context Vs. Low Context
    • Assessing the Social-Cognitive Perspective 38:49
      • Social-Cognitive Theories Can Help Understand Such Problems as Drug Abuse, Unemployment, Academic Underachievement, and Teen Pregnancy
      • However…
      • Less Able to Explain Behavior that is Spontaneous, Irrational, and Sparked by Unconscious Motives
    • Measuring Personality 40:18
      • Interview
      • Unstructured Interview
      • Structured Interview
      • Limitations to Interviews
    • More Ways to Assess Personality 42:22
      • Direct Observation
      • Other Types of Assessment (Behavioral Assessment, Situational Test)
    • Personality Questionnaire 45:10
      • Paper-And-Pencil Measure
      • Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2)
    • Psychodynamic Methods 45:56
      • Assessing Unconscious Processes -- Projective Tests
      • Thematic Apperception Test
      • Rorschach Inkblot Test
    • Review 47:06
      • How do the Humanists View the Creation of Personality?
      • In the View of Social-Cognitive Psychologists, What Mutual Influences Shape an Individual's Personality?
      • What are the Causes of Consequences of Personal Control?
      • What Underlying Principle Guides Social-Cognitive Psychologists in their Assessment of People's Behavior and Beliefs?
      • What has the Social-Cognitive Perspective Contributed to the Study of Personality, and What Criticisms Has it Faced?
      • Does Research Support the Consistency of Personality Traits Over Time and Across Cultures?
      • In the View of Social-Cognitive Psychologists, What Mutual Influences Shape an Individual's Personality?