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For more information, please see full course syllabus of AP Psychology
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Personality, Part II

  • Trait theories (including Allport’s Trait theory and the Big 5) deal with qualities a person has and the intensity of those traits
  • Trait theories describe but do not explain why a person has particular traits
  • Important trait theorists include Cattell, Allport, Costa and McCrae, and Eysenck

Personality, Part II

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  1. Intro
    • Overview on Personality Theories
    • Type Theories
    • Gordon Allport and Traits
    • Raymond Cattell and Traits
    • Paul Costa & Robert McCrae
    • The Big Five Personality Factors
    • Eysenck
    • Eysenck's Theory of Personality
    • Traits, Situations, and Biology
    • Assessing the Trait Theories
    • Review
    • Intro 0:00
    • Overview on Personality Theories 0:09
      • Personality Theory: System of Concepts, Assumptions, Ideas, and Principles Proposed to Explain Personality
      • Six Perspectives
      • 1. Trait
      • 2. Psychodynamic
      • 3. Behavioristic
      • 4. Social Cognitive Theories
      • 5. Humanistic Theories
    • Type Theories 1:02
      • Four Humors Theories
      • Hippocrates -- Blood, Phlegm, Black Bile, Yellow Bile
      • Sheldon's Somatyping -- Endomorphs, Mesomorphs, Ectomorphs
    • Gordon Allport and Traits 2:54
      • A Trait Is…
      • Common Traits
      • Individual Traits
      • Cardinal Traits
      • Central Traits
      • Secondary Traits
    • Raymond Cattell and Traits 4:51
      • Surface Traits
      • Source Traits
      • Cattell Created 16PF, Personality Test
      • Studied Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence
      • Created Culture Fair Intelligence Test
    • Paul Costa & Robert McCrae 7:33
      • Five Factor or Big 5 Personality Theory
      • Trait Theorists
      • Personality is Stable Past Age 30
      • Mnemonics - OCEAN or CANOE
      • Five Factors Contain All Other Personality Traits
      • NEO Personality Inventory
    • The Big Five Personality Factors 9:02
      • Openness to Experience, Conscientiousness, Extroversion, Agreeableness, Neuroticism
      • Emotional Stability (Neuroticism)
      • Extraversion
      • Openness
      • Agreeableness
      • Conscientiousness
    • Eysenck 12:05
      • Personality Based on Physiology and Genetics
      • Focus More on Temperament Than Personality
      • Eysenck Personality Questionnaire or EPQ
    • Eysenck's Theory of Personality 13:31
      • Eysenck's Theory of Personality Graphic Explanation
    • Traits, Situations, and Biology 16:57
      • Trait-Situation Interactions
      • Behavioral Genetics
    • Assessing the Trait Theories 19:23
      • Nearly All Agree That People Can Be Described by Traits
      • Disagreement as to Number of Traits That Make Up Human Personality
      • Traits Often Poor Predictors of Behavior
      • Situational Factors Often Run Counter to Traits
      • Do Not Address How or Why Individual Differences in Personality Develop or Emerge
    • Review 20:40
      • What are the Primary Viewpoints that are Used to Understand Personality?
      • Which Traits Seem to Provide the Most Useful Information About Personality Variation?
      • Can you Distinguish Among the Different Traits that Allport Theorized?
      • What is the Big 5 Factor Theory?
      • What Challenges/Criticisms are There of the Trait Theories?