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For more information, please see full course syllabus of AP World History
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The Four Historical Thinking Skills

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  • Intro 0:00
  • What Are Thinking Skills? 0:42
  • What Influences Our Opinions And Beliefs 1:15
    • Family
    • Teachers
  • What We Learn In School 2:00
    • Religions
  • Temple To Rama, India 2:43
  • Our View Of Reality Is Filtered 3:20
    • Being Notions
  • Why Learn Thinking Skills 4:10
    • What Kind Of Person Do You Want To Be
    • Accepts, Does Not Question
    • Ask Questions, Seeks Answers
  • The Dangers Of Thinking Skills 5:40
  • What Happened To Socrates 5:55
  • Thinking Involves Our Brain 7:34
    • Fast Way
    • Slow Way
  • Why Is Critical Thinking Underused 9:06
    • Work, Lazy
    • Difficult To Learn
    • Advertisers, Politicians, Swindlers Use It Against Us
    • Benefit Life From Learning And Using Skills
  • I. Crafting Historical Arguments From Historical Evidence 11:26
    • Arguments-Carefully Constructed Reasons
    • Evidence Consists Of Events, Documents, Geography, Reasoning
  • Gender Roles In Europe In The Late 18th Century 14:17
    • Patriarchal Family Is Ideal
  • II. Chronological Reasoning 17:25
    • Historical Causation
    • Continuity And Change Over Time
    • Patterns
    • Periodization
  • Periodization 20:31
    • Creation Of Historians As They Look At Evidence
  • III. Comparison And Contextualization 23:43
    • Compact Time
    • Contextualization- Back Up
  • Contextualization Example 24:49
    • Context: Small Pox Epidemic
    • Bernardino de Sahagun
  • IV. Historical Interpretation And Synthesis 26:46
    • All History Is Interpretation
    • Synthesis- Bring It All Together
    • Diverse Interpretation Of The Past
    • Interpretation Change Over Time- Historiography
    • Synthesis- Make Meaning
  • Why Doesn't Papua New Guinea Rule The World 29:51
    • Jared Diamond
  • Historical Thinking Skills 32:00