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For more information, please see full course syllabus of Music History
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  • Intro 0:00
  • What is a Troubadour? 0:25
    • The Singing Minstrel
    • Portrayed as a Jester or Joker in Pop Culture
    • Served A Major Role in Development of Polyphony Because They Traveled
    • Troubadours were Illiterate and Part of the Lower class
  • What is a Trouvere? 2:25
    • Poet and Musician from Northern France Who Wrote about Love, Heroism, and the Unattainable
    • Established Guilds, Brought Their Music to the Middle Class
    • Simple Forms, Simple Syllabic Melodies, Simple Instrumental Accompaniment
  • Formes Fixes 5:18
    • Three Main Forms: Rondeau, Ballade, Virelai
    • A (a) and B (b) Represent Repeated Musical Material
    • Capital Letters Represent Repeated Text
    • Lowercase Represent New Text
    • Virelai
    • Example
  • Instruments 9:09
    • Stringed Instruments: Lute, Lyre, Bagpipe, Viol
    • Were the First Solo Performers
    • Different Form of Polyphony Than Just Voices
    • They Traveled, Influencing Different Areas of Europe
  • Review 10:41
    • Important in Distributing Polyphonic Music Throughout Europe
    • Polyphony Existed in Churches, But Without Troubadours, Perhaps Polyphony Would Have Never Left the Church