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For more information, please see full course syllabus of Music History
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Lecture Comments (1)

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Post by Steven Bontempi on June 28, 2015

The lecturer notes that the selection would be by Corelli.  It is not a Corelli piece, but instead a Vivaldi piece.


  • Big development for the times
  • Concerto grosso: piece featuring a few instruments with alternating orchestra sections
  • Concertino: solo group
  • Ripieno: rest of orchestra
  • Ripieno concerto: concerto for whole orchestra
  • Solo concerto; popularized by Vivaldi in 3-movement form featuring one person
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tqbv9cPyBfs


Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  • Intro 0:00
  • What is a Concerto Grosso? Is it Gross? 0:52
    • Definition Concerto Grosso
    • Concertino: Small Group of Solo Instruments
    • Ripieno: Orchestra
    • Important for Developing Instruments as Stand-Alone Musical Entity
    • Corelli, Torelli, Vivaldi, Handel, J.S. Bach
  • Let's Break it Down 2:43
    • Concertino: Solo Group of a Handful of Instruments (Normally Violins, Bass)
    • Ripieno: Full String Orchestra, Accompanimet
    • Soloists were Members of the Orchestra
    • Alternates Between Ripieno and Concertino Sections
    • Ripieno Sections Often Repeated
    • Example of Concerto Grosso: Corelli
  • Ripieno Concerto 5:49
    • No Hierarchy of Soloist and Accompaniment
    • Very Homophonic
    • Increased Use of Imitation, Counterpoint, and Canons
    • Example of Ripieno Concert: Brandenburg Concerto No. 3 by J.S. Bach
  • Solo Concerto 9:16
    • One Person is the Soloist
    • At First, Wasn't Popular
    • Soloist is the Star
    • Orchestra Serves to Backup the Star
    • Example of Solo Concerto: Four Seasons by Vivaldi
  • Vivaldi and Form 12:32
    • Became Known as the Concerto King of 1700s
    • Developed a Three Movement Structure
    • First Movement: Fast
    • Second Movement: Slow
    • Third Movement: Fast
    • Soloist: Violin, Flute, Trumpet, Harpsichord, Cello
    • Well-Known Opera Composer
    • Used Driving Rhythms
    • Used Sequences to Extend Phrases
  • Big Review 16:13
    • Concerto Launched
    • Concerto Grosso
    • Ripieno Concerto
    • Solo Concert
    • Concerto Grosso: Corelli Influenced by Gabrielli
    • Ripieno: Bach Influenced by Corelli
    • Solo: Vivaldi Influenced by Corelli and Opera
    • It's All Connected
    • What is a Sequence?
    • What is the Name of the Solo Group in a Concerto Grosso?