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For more information, please see full course syllabus of Music History
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  • Extremely virtuosic playing to a whole new level
  • Written by pianists (Liszt, Beethoven, Chopin) for themselves!
  • Still 3-movement form, but sometimes connected
  • Derived from the popular symphony
  • Soloist played in an orchestral style, simulating sound of full orchestra
  • Very demanding parts, which required more schooled musicians


Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  • Intro 0:00
  • Solo Concerto 0:15
    • Started in the Baroque, Virtuosity is Back
    • Imagine a Concerto
    • Romantic Concerto
    • Begins with Beethoven
    • Attempt to Mimic the Symphony Sound by One Person
    • Very Difficult Pieces
  • Let’s Talk Liszt…Again 2:32
    • Known as Playboy Rock Star
    • His Importance is Vital for Performance Aspect of Western Classical Music
    • Solo Recital
    • Transcribed Symphonies for Solo Piano
    • Friends with Paganini and Saint Seans: Both Composers and Instrumental Virtuosos
  • Piano Concerto 5:42
    • Liszt Started It
    • Beethoven Wrote 5
    • Beethoven, Liszt, Brahms, Tchaikovsky, Grieg, Mendelssohn, Chopin
    • Beethoven is Not the Only Freelancing Musician Anymore
  • What Was Happening Musically? 7:11
    • Longer Forms with Combined Movements
    • Greater Emphasis on Rhythm
    • Texture to the Extreme
    • Still Have Romantic Melodies, More Attention to Harmonic Exploration
    • Develop a Greater Intensity
    • Example
  • Review 9:52
    • Virtuosity
    • Composers Who Performed Composed Concertos For Themselves
    • Increase in Need for Better Educated, Performing Musicians
    • Conservatories Became Bigger
    • Romantic Concerto Combined Elements of Symphony, Tone Poem, and Solo Works
    • Very Memorable Works That Are Still Standards