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For more information, please see full course syllabus of Music History
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Lecture Comments (1)

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Post by Kenneth Montfort on August 2, 2013

great video, Dr. Hill - I was in my seat rolling in laughter


  • Became dominant form of its time
  • 4 movements that are tonally and thematically connected
  • Hadyn, Mozart, and Beethoven are the big three and they wrote a ton
  • Haydn wrote more formulaically
  • Mozart focused on perfect forms and simple lines
  • Beethoven wrote through motives or seeds that grow throughout the symphony


Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  • Intro 0:00
  • The Symphony 0:08
    • Later Developing, 1700s
    • Italian Overture from Opera
    • Concerto Grosso, Solo Sonata
    • 4 Movements
    • Tonally Connected
    • Classical Symphony: Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven
  • Symphony Four Movement Structure 3:34
    • Writing Out the Four Movements of a Symphony
    • First Movement
    • Second Movement
    • Third Movement
    • Fourth Movement
  • High Time for Some Haydn 5:48
    • Father of the Symphony, Wrote 104 Symphonies
    • High-Quality Pieces of Historical Significance
    • Used Moderately Sized Orchestra
    • Inserted Minuet and Trio as the Third Movement: Playful
  • Ludvig Van Beethoven 7:47
    • 1770-1827
    • Tortured Genius
    • Both Classical and Romantic Composer, Launched the Romantic Era
    • Revolutionized Harmony by Obsessing Over Motives
  • New Era for Composition 10:10
    • First Freelancing Musician Who Sold His Scores
    • Took Composing to a New Level
    • Motives
  • Motives 11:22
    • A Seed
    • Beethoven Wrote What He Wanted
    • Piece Organized Around a Musical Idea, and the Piece Develops
    • Beethoven Expanded the Orchestra
  • Review 12:51
    • Symphony Came a Long Way in a Short Amount of Time
    • The Big Three: Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven
    • Haydn Backed Up to the Baroque
    • Mozart Was Solely Classical
    • Beethoven Backed Into the Romantic