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For more information, please see full course syllabus of Music History
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Impressionism & Expressionism

Impressionism & Expressionism

Lecture Slides are screen-captured images of important points in the lecture. Students can download and print out these lecture slide images to do practice problems as well as take notes while watching the lecture.

  • Intro 0:00
  • Impressionism 0:35
    • Known As An Art Movement (Monet)
    • Hazy, Looking Different Up Close As They Do Far Away
    • Attempted in Music Most Notably by Claude Debussy
    • Debussy: Wrote Every Style, Major Composer of 20th Century
    • Paris World Fair
  • Debussy 2:50
    • Both a Romantic and 20th Century Composer
    • Also Interested in Evening the Tonal Playing Field
    • Did It Through Unique Scales Influenced by Far East
    • Whole Tone, Pentatonic, Octatonic
    • Modes: Ionian, Dorian, Phyrigian, Lydian, Mixolydian, Aeolian, Locrian
    • What Does This Do? Obscures the Tonic, Makes It Hazy
    • Example
  • Expressionism 7:20
    • Really Heavy Stuff
    • Schoenberg, Berg (Wozzeck)
    • Example
    • Richard Strauss
    • Wagner Continued Tradition to Huge Romantic Levels
    • Strauss Took It and Ran Into Psychoanalytical Analysis
  • Salome and Elektra 9:43
    • Meant to Express the Subconscious
    • Major Dissonance
    • Salome Dances with the Head of John the Baptist Before She Gets Killed
    • Very Programmatic
    • Lush Orchestration, Timbres
    • Music to Make You Think, Feel and Express
    • Example: Final Scene of Salome
  • Review 12:20
    • Many Different -isms
    • Impressionism and Expressionism Paralleled Art Movements of the Time
    • Debussy: Impressionism through Blurring Lines of Tonality
    • Expressionism: Extra Attention to Text and Desire to Look Within Self
    • Sets Scene for Second Viennese School and Serialism